Butter Making Process and Analysis Regarding It

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Submitted By salatinada
Words 654
Pages 3
Changing certain aspects of butter production may result on modified properties of the butter product, like flavour, odour, or consistency. Changing the manufacturing scheme may have affect on the final product too. In this report, this two aspects on butter making are discussed.

Cooling, ripening, and churning temperature are the main aspect that influence churning efficiency and churning time of butter. Churning efficiency illustrates the amount of fat that is still present on the buttermilk, while churning objective is to separate the fat from the milk, and the churning duration has important role on determining the butter quality. High churning effieciency is a consequence of low fat content in buttermilk.

Variations on cooling and churning temperature during butter making were applied on several butters. Pre-cooling the butter deep enough is necessary to prevent undercooled fat globules present. Therefore, higher pre-cooling temperature will give higher fat content in buttermilk. It is also observed that higher churning temperature would result on lower churning time. At the same time, faster churning time will lead to higher fat content in buttermilk.

The purpose of ripening is to compromise for optimal starter growth and to crystallise the fat. Lower cooling temperature leads to more triglycerides could be crystallized (solid fat). The temperature of cooling is most crucial for making butter softer and must be set at the end of lower melting range of the fat to help segregate tryglecerides. On the other hand, higher churning temperature increases liquid fat fraction. If liquid fat is present in higher proportion than solid fat, the cream churns slower or it might not churn. This is because disruption of fat globules occurs as liquid fat can spread over air bubbles. Furthermore, high fat content in buttermilk would give lower churning efficiency.…...

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