Business Law Chapter 2

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How does a Multipoint circuit differ from a point to point circuit? Multipoint is also called a shared circuit. In this configuration, many computers are connected on the same circuit. This means that each must share the circuit with the others, much like a party line in telephone communication. The disadvantage is that only one computer can use the circuit at a time. When computer is sending or receiving data, all others must wait. The advantage of multipoint circuits is that they reduce the amount of cable required and typically use the available communication circuit more efficiently. Multipoint configurations are cheaper than point-to-point configurations. Point-to-point configuration is so named because it goes from one point to another (e.g., one computer to another). These are also called as dedicated circuits because they are dedicated to the use of these two computers. This type of configuration is used when the computers generate enough data to fill the capacity of the communication circuit. This can get very expensive, particularly if there is some distance between the computers.

3. Describe Three types of guided media. Guided media are those in which the message flows through a physical media such as a twisted pair wire, coaxial cable, or fiber-optic cable. a. Twisted pair wire is most commonly used. It is a pair of wires used in standard telephone wiring. They are twisted to reduce interference caused by the other twisted pairs in the same cable bundle. Twisted-pair wires go from homes and offices to the telephone company end office. b. Coaxial cable is a type of guided media that is quickly disappearing. It is an insulated wire that runs through the middle of a cable. A second braided wire surrounds the insulation of the inner wire like a sheath. Used on LANs for transmitting message between devices c. Fiber-optic-cable also is…...

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