Biological Theories Explaining Crimes

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By hassanken
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THEORIES EXPLAINING SOCIAL CRIME
In the few past years criminologist have tried to explain why people commit crimes, basing their argument on biological and psychological theories that try to show why people brake laws. One of the crimes explained by these theories is social deviance like murder. There are biological theories like atavism theory by Lombroso Sassari state the reason why people commit murder is because of their biological structure while psychological theory of differential association state that crime like murder is not inherited ,but it is learned from ones environment and exposure.
ATAVISM BIOLOGICL THEORY
This theory suggest that genetic makeup play a big role in influencing one to commit murder, it argues that a murderous behavior runs through the family blood. it explains that someone is likely to commit murder if a member of his family has ever murdered ,this acts as a motivating factor to commit the crime .this theory was supported by the findings of a research done in Brooklyn America where of the 10 serial killers in the most wanted list in 2006 were related to people charged with murder cases .Atavism theory puts murderous as people who get their encouragement to kill from the people in their family who killed before them, further stating that the DNA of a murder affects his mental state making them inhuman when taking a life,
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION
This theory by Edwin states that when one commits murder, genetics do not play part in the action but the experience of the one contemplating murder and peer influence in the environment are the main reason why people commit murder. Edwin Sutherland having interviewed many murder suspects, he finds most murderous blaming their action on peer influence.
This theory explains that murderous have the n same motives with the people they spend the most time with,…...

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