Bees

In: Social Issues

Submitted By MashThese
Words 2432
Pages 10
AgBioForum – Volume 3, Number 1 – 2000 – Pages 53-57

LABELING POLICY FOR GMOS: TO EACH HIS OWN?1

Julie A. Caswell1
GMO labeling policy for foods is under intense development. Countries are choosing mandatory labeling or adherence to voluntary labeling. Challenges to mandatory labeling are unlikely to be successful under current World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. Marketers and trade negotiators should recognize this and move toward living with diversity in labeling policy. Keywords: GMOs; biotechnology; labeling policy; trade disputes.

We are at another important crossroads on the path that will determine the market acceptance of foods produced with the use of biotechnology. Individual governments are managing a range of policies that affect biotechnology, including those on research and development, intellectual property rights, regulatory approval (safety assessment), and labeling requirements. They are taking divergent policy paths that make for market uncertainty. At the same time, companies are announcing their intentions regarding the use or non-use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in their products.
These intentions make the market less uncertain for sales to those companies but raise the stakes in predicting the choices of other companies.
Labeling policy for food products is currently under intense development in several countries. What are the basic requirements for such labeling programs and what policies are countries adopting? What are the consequences of each country’s pursuit of the policy that best seems to fit its needs? Finally, is it likely that these policies could be successfully challenged under WTO rules?

Why Labeling Policy?
Labeling is often used to deliver information to consumers on characteristics of products that they are not able to evaluate. Economists refer to this type of characteristic as a…...

Similar Documents

Burt Bees

...1. Develop a brand positioning map using the information in the case. In a 2x2 map, plot the different brands including Burt's Bees on what you consider to be the two important/relevant attributes for consumers in this category. Two relevant attributes for consumers in this category are types of product ranging from natural and pseudo-natural to traditional, and brand usage or awareness. Consumers can make the decision based on what they prefer- natural products cost higher than traditional; however, some people would prefer reasonably priced products regardless of their ingredients. Brand usage indicates how the brand is popular among consumers as consumers would rather spend on brands that they can trust rather than the ones that may use natural ingredients but have failed to convey their value proposition to the consumers effectively. Basically, if the consumers’ perception of the overall brand is positive, they would buy the brand. However, consumers need to have strong brand awareness to have the positive perception about the value proposition and image of the brand. 2. What are the sources of Burt's Bees' brand equity? Utilize concepts from the course. Use facts from the case to support your position. Brand awareness and brand image contribute towards strong brand equity. As Burt’s Bees want to enter the mass market, one needs to consider the brand awareness of brands such as Dove and Olay. These brands are known for their traditional products and rank high on...

Words: 1069 - Pages: 5

Burlington Bees

...Burlington Bees[1] Using Analytical Procedures as Substantive Tests OBJECTIVES Use analytical procedures to develop expectations for revenue accounts Recognize factors that lead to precise expectations of account balances Appreciate the degree of professional judgment involved in evaluating differences between expected and reported account balances Understand the audit planning implications of using analytical procedures as substantive tests of account balances Burlington Bees, an independent, minor league baseball team, competes in the North-west Coast League. The team finished in second place in 200X with an 87—57 record. The Bees' 200X cumulative season attendance of 434,348 spectators set a new record high for the team, up from 390,000 in 200W. Bank-loan covenants require the Bees to submit audited financial statements annually to the bank. The accounting firm of Hickman and Snowden, CPAs, has served as the Bees' auditors for the past five years. One of the major audit areas involves testing ticket revenues. Those revenues reached nearly $1.9 million in 200W. In prior years, the audit plan called for extensive detail testing of revenue accounts to gain assurance that reported ticket revenues were fairly stated. Michelle Kramme, a new audit manager, just received the assignment to be the manager on the 200X audit. Michelle worked previously on the Bees' prior-year audits as a staff auditor. When she learned she would be managing the current-year......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Burts Bees

...Burt’s Bees Has Buzzed its Way to the Top of the Natural Care Product Market Kelsey Morales, Madeleine Tessier, Kelsey Rosentreter TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………………………..…….…..2 Thesis Statement………………………………………………………………………..……………….…..….……3 Introduction to Burt’s Bees History…………………………………………………………………...….……..…4-5 (Kelsey Morales) Burt’s Bees is a Green Company…………………………………………………………...…….…...….………5-6 (Kelsey Morales) Charity and Giving back to the Community……………………………………..………………………….………6 (Kelsey Morales) Clorox Takes over Burt’s Bees Ownership…………………………………………………...……….…………6-7 (Kelsey Rosentreter) The Current Company Structure…………………...…………………………….…………………….……………8 (Kelsey Morales) Steps of Product Production…………………………………………………….…………………………….……..8 (Kelsey Rosentreter) Product Mix……………………………………………………………….........................................................8-10 (Madeleine Tessier) Packaging…………………………………………………………………………………………………………10-11 (Madeleine Tessier) SWOT Analysis …………………………………………….……………………………………………………11-12 (Kelsey Rosentreter) Conclusion………………………………….………………………………………………………………….…12-13 Bibliography…………………………………………….………………..………………………………….……14-15 Thesis statement: Burt’s Bees is an earth-friendly personal care product company that specializes in 100% natural products. They offer many different product lines and are sold in a variety of stores, both locally and internationally. . In this research report we will......

Words: 4400 - Pages: 18

Speech About Bees

...Bzzzzzz bzzzzzz bzzzzzz bzzzzzzz BEES! They are everywhere! Now one common misconception of bees is that they are violent, scary creatures that are out to sting you. I myself have a terrible fear of bees. They freak me out. But after doing a lot of research on bees I have learned that there is lot more behind the stinger. So I am going to borrow a few minutes of your time to inform you on all the amazing things that make bees so remarkable and why they are so fascinating. I am going to talk to you about how their jobs provide for other bees in the colony, second I am going to talk to you about how they communicate with other bees, and then lastly I am going to talk to you about their flight and how powerful it is. So first of all bees are never alone because they are part of a colony. According to the New York Times, the jobs for bees are divided into two categories; the age of the bees and the gender. In terms of age, if you are a younger bee you will be taking care of the queen, you will be catering to the queen and all of the services the queen needs. If you are an older bee your job is to protect and build the hive and collect nectar and pollen. In terms of gender, if you are a female bee, you’re actually a worker bee. The female bees will fly out of the hives and they are the only ones that are going to collect nectar for the hive. If you are a male bee on the other hand your job is quite different. You simply protect the bee hive and fertilize the eggs of the......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Missing Bees

...NATIONAL CENTER FOR CASE STUDY TEACHING IN SCIENCE The Case of the Missing Bees: High Fructose Corn Syrup and Colony Collapse Disorder by Jeffri C. Bohlscheid, School of Food Science, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID Frank J. Dinan, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY Part I – Changes in the Lives of Bees Almond butter is a delicious, upscale alternative to peanut butter and we love it. But its price has increased nearly three-fold over the last two years while that of peanut butter has changed very little. The reason for this is surprising: almonds are much more dependent on honeybees for pollination than are peanuts. The California almond crop, by far the world’s largest, used an unbelievable 40 billion honeybees to pollinate it in 2005 and about a third of that number of bees is no longer available (Benjamin and McCallum, 2009). Since 2007, nearly a third of the honeybees in North America, Europe, and South America have died for unknown reasons. How important is this to our lives? A U.S. Department of Agriculture/Cornell University study estimates that honeybees pollinate nearly a third of everything that we eat (beeculture.com, 2000). If these bees disappear, fruits, vegetables, and nuts will go with them, meat production will severely decline, and we will be in very bad shape, indeed. Two significant changes have occurred in the world of honeybees in the United States since the mid1970s: (1) there has been a steady increase in the...

Words: 2226 - Pages: 9

Bees

...without Bees By: Aisha Walker The Current situation: Life without Bees Colony collapse disorder, as situation in which adult bees become crucial to the colony’s survival by abandonment of the hive by either dying or flying off. The disorder was uncannily reminiscent of the mysterious disappearance of the Mayans centuries ago, and as the crisis continued, researches scrambled to learn why our bees were declining and determine what to do. Colony collapse disorders has wiped out over 10 million bee hives percent annually in recent years and there are now about $2 billion over the past six years. The death rate for colonies has hit 30 the U.S; down from 6 million in 1947 and 3 million in 1990. That downward spiral leaves”virtually no cushion of bees for pollination’” the report authors write. In recent years, agricultural pesticides have become a leading suspect in bee deaths. Attention has focused on a class of chemicals called neonicotinoids as global concern grows over the bee population crash, which has affected several European countries too.But scientist increasingly believe several interacting factors from diseases carrying parasites to poor nutrition to pesticides and is responsible for the mass die off. For instance, the report says studies have shown that exposure to even non-fatal levels of neonicotinoids may make bees more susceptible to disease; and as agriculture becomes more industrial and natural habitats that formerly bordered farmland are destroyed,......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Honey Bees

...honeybee for pollination. Honeybees account for 80% of all insect pollination. Without such pollination, we would see a significant decrease in the yield of fruits and vegetables. Pollen Bees collect 66 lbs of pollen per year, per hive. Pollen is the male germ cells produced by all flowering plants for fertilization and plant embryo formation. The Honeybee uses pollen as a food. Pollen is one of the richest and purest natural foods, consisting of up to 35% protein, 10% sugars, carbohydrates, enzymes, minerals, and vitamins A (carotenes), B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (nicotinic acid), B5 (panothenic acid), C (ascorbic acid), H (biotin), and R (rutine). Honey Honey is used by the bees for food all year round. There are many types, colors and flavors of honey, depending upon its nectar source. The bees make honey from the nectar they collect from flowering trees and plants. Honey is an easily digestible, pure food. Honey is hydroscopic and has antibacterial qualities. Eating local honey can fend off allergies. Beeswax Secreted from glands, beeswax is used by the honeybee to build honey comb. It is used by humans in drugs, cosmetics, artists' materials, furniture polish and candles. Propolis Collected by honeybees from trees, the sticky resin is mixed with wax to make a sticky glue. The bees use this to seal cracks and repair their hive. It is used by humans as a health aid, and as the basis for fine wood varnishes. Royal Jelly The powerful, milky substance that......

Words: 2033 - Pages: 9

Burt's Bees

...Burt’s Bees: Leaving the Hive 1. A. Market: Natural - organic personal care; develop, manufacture and distribute; targeting LOHAS (NMI, 2007) consumers, around the world. B. The market is the industry where the organization competes, and it needs to be specifically defined. In general, the requirements for an appropriate market definition include: a) should be narrowly defined; b) should include at least 90% of the company’s sales and c) a “real” market as defined by customers and competitors (Kulzick, 2007). Market definitions to be complete should include four different factors: 1. Company’s product or service ( Natural – organic personal care products that include: (Lip balm, oral care, hair care, body care, face cleansing and care and outdoor – sun care). 2. Customer ( Someone who pays the money for the service and/or product. According to the Natural Marketing Institute (2007), the Natural-Organic Personal Care Products Market targets consumers classified as LOHAS consumers. LOHAS is the acronym for Lifestyles Of Health And Sustainability. This refers to an integrated consumer group, which has a meaningful sense of environmental and social responsibility and incorporates those values into purchasing decisions. LOHAS is a critical target for companies marketing natural and organic personal care products because these consumers opinions are very influential and help push healthy environmentally- friendly products into the......

Words: 4380 - Pages: 18

Killer Bees

...Killer Bees Russell Montoya Eastern New Mexico University Killer Bees Introduction Many people around the world are familiar with the rap group Wu tang Clan and their nick-name the “killa bees” but people don’t really know much about the bees they are actually named after. The Africanized Honey Bee are the original name given to these bees but they have been deemed with name “killer bees”. The book titled “Killer Bees. The Africanized Honey Bee in the Americas” defines the killer bee as, “crosses of European races of Apis mellifera with the more aggressive African subspecies, A. m. scutellata” (1992). These bees originated in South Africa but in the 1950’s Brazil brought some in for honey production after which swarms escaped and traveled to the Americas and ultimately arrived in North America in 1985. Today they are mostly used for the pollination of honey in the southern states of America. Cause of Problem The difference between the Africanized honey bee and other bees is their aggressiveness. This causes a problem because these bees tend to attack and express more aggressive behavior than any other bees. Africanized honey bees traits according to Columbia.edu are "a highly defensive nature, responding more quickly and more bees sting, sensing a threat from a person or animas 50 feet or more from their nest, and perusing a perceived enemy ¼ mile or more” (2002). One can see how these bees are perceived different than other bees. Their angry behavior......

Words: 1241 - Pages: 5

Burt's Bees

...Burt's Bees   Case Study Florida State College at Jacksonville MAN3781: Sustainable Business Strategies Spring Term 2015 [G1] March 14, 2015     Burt’s Bees Case Study How far along is Burt's Bees in their sustainability journey?             Lodging their first corporate social responsibility (CSR) in 2008, according to the article “Burt’s Bees: Balancing Growth and Sustainability. Their 2020 sustainable goals consist of zero waste, one hundred percent employee engagement, one-hundred percent natural products, one- hundred percent Post-Consumer Recycled (PCR)/Biodegradable packaging, and one-hundred percent renewable energy/ zero carbon leadership in energy and environmental design (LEED) certified building. Kicking off the goals that they have set in place, they began measuring how much waste the company was producing. The amount came as a surprised when they discovered it was forty tons of waste each month that was being poured into the waste land fields.      Burt’s Bees has a goal of having zero waste by 2020. They have went from 40 tons a month down to four tons per month which is already a significant change. The amount of energy has been cut per unit produced by forty percent by changes the shrink wrap band that goes around the lip balm to a tear off wrap which was significant in preserving energy because the shrink wrap was produced for the number one selling product of the company. They have also reduced the amount of water that is being used within......

Words: 1851 - Pages: 8

The Fear of Bees

...The Fear of Bees Adam Putnam PSY211 November 6, 2013 Laurie Ellington The Fear of Bees The fear of bees is one that many individuals share. Here, we will look at how ones fear of bees may have developed. We will attempt to look at how this fear could have been learned through classical conditioning by attempting to identify the unconditioned stimulus, the unconditioned response, the conditioned stimulus, and the conditioned response. We will see how the behavior could have been learned through operant conditioning by describing the behavior, consequence, and reinforcement. Finally, we will discuss how the fear could have been learned through observational learning. Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning is when some sort of stimulus draws out a behavior. There is a natural stimulus, or unconditioned stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response, basically a person’s natural reaction to something (Hockenbury D. H. & Hockenbury S. E,  2014). Then there is a conditioned stimulus that in turn produces a conditioned response. This essentially means that something is introduced between the natural stimulus and subject which causes the behavior to change. I chose this topic because a bee stung my two-year-old daughter not long ago. Before she was stung, she had no apparent fear of any kind of insects. She was strapped in a swing at a friend’s house when a carpenter bee flew down the swing onto her legs. When the bee stung her leg, she reached down,...

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Burt Bees

...What should Roxanne and Burt do? Burt Bees had become very successful in it operations and established a prominent position in the market of natural cosmetics and other natural products. These products all having their origin in bees wax and honey. The problem that Roxanne and Burt face is expansion of their business. They took the business forward and moved to North Carolina for a more central positioning. This geographical centralization would be advantages for Burt’s Bees because of the theoretical cost saving that the company might have with regards to transportation and distribution cost. There are however some factors that Burt’s Bees have keep in mind and question that need to be asked and answered. The first consideration that has to be kept in mind is that the products that Burt’s Bees currently produce are labour intensive and employees are mainly unskilled. Will this be the same in North Carolina or will labour be skilled and more expensive? Because North Carolina is more central and is a business hub in the U.S.A., what are the completions in this area and markets strategies? What products are similar companies in the natural cosmetics market selling? These questions need to be answered by Roxanne if they wish to be successful in their attempts at expanding Burt’s Bees. These considerations are not limited in deciding whether to move to North Carolina or not but are generic business questions that need to be answered on a continuous basis. There are basically......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Burlington Bees

...Burlington Bees 1. To gain comfort over the existence of ticket sales revenue, one would Look at the revenue transactions from the general ledger to track and verify ticket stubs were actually sold. In addition, people who buy tickets might not show up so that must be accounted for. To do this, check the subsequent cash receipts to see if sales in fact exist. 2. The purpose of analytical procedures performed during the planning phase of an audit are to help the auditor better develop the nature, timing, and extent of procedures to be performed. In addition, they help decide the appropriate level of assurance an auditor will apply. Analytical procedures performed during the fieldwork process serve as substantial tests that help the auditor obtain audit evidence relating to the particular assertions related to account balances or classes of transactions. The Analytical procedures used during the two stages relate directly to each other, in that one can not be completed without the other. The information gathered from one part of the procedure is compared to thoughts and expectations from another part. 3. An analytical procedure during the planning stage includes comparing revenue ratios for Burlington with those of previous years, industry standards, or competitors to find any possible issues relating to overstatement of revenue. This can also help determine whether or not the revenue results are reasonable. 4. Estimated Revenue: $2,531,334 SEE BELOW ...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Bees

...because it gives off a strong aroma and color, that the animals like. They rub against the plants, collecting pollen in their fur, hair, or feathers, and carry it to new plants as they travel. Wind also pollinates plants by carrying pollen from plant to plant. Pollinators are essential for creating and improving our habitats and ecosystems. Recent studies show significant declines in pollinator populations. Hummingbirds, butterflies, bats, ants, and bees are the top 5 pollinators. However, bees are the real MVP when it comes to pollinating, they are the “bees knees”. Sadly, the dwindling number of bee communities, both wild and managed, pose a real threat to agriculture that could result in billions of dollars in economic losses, food shortages, and skyrocketing prices due to supply and demand. Culprits of the pollinator decline are pesticides, habitat destruction, and climate changes. Albert Einstein said, “If the bee disappeared off the surface of the globe, then man would have only four years of life left. No more bees, no more pollination, no more plants, no more animals, no more man”. We must save our pollinators.. Reducing the use of pesticides, creating habitats by planting vegetation, and spreading the word about the vital contributions of our pollinators. Luckily, the fixes are all easy to implement, and everyone can play apart in saving our local heroes....

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

The Bees Knees

...busy bee has no time for sorrow” – William Blake Pollen production has been a growing industry in America since 1865. Not only do bees provide honey for local and national citizens, but the pollen found in most male bees has been proven to help in curing and preventing diseases that have struck those who suffer from seasonal allergies, and the pollen has been most recently used as a vitamin to prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Until recently, there has been no debate regarding the extraction of bee pollen for medical purposes. However, changes in Federal Drug Administration (FDA) regulations now threaten the experimental use of bee pollen. In his documentary entitled: Won’t You Please Help Us with the Bees? Jon Stewart argues for the continued extraction and production of bee pollen for medical purposes. Stewart uses many rhetorical strategies in his argumentative film. Stewart details the debate as this: local farmers and beekeepers have, historically, held all rights as owners of the pollen and honey produced by bees. Therefore, farmers and beekeepers who own the bees reserve all rights (and risks) that accompany managing bees and their pollen. However, in 2006, the FDA enacted the Please the Bees Act, which enabled corporations and contractors to “seize the bees” if any potential outbreak of bees threatened the safety of residents who lived near bees. Also, since the pollen has not been inherently recognized by the FDA as a legitimate cure and preventative treatment for......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7