Basic English Grammar

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nguyenthuyngan
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Copyright 2009 - Daily Writing Tips All rights reserved. No part of this ebook may be reproduced, posted or shared in any form, by any means. The content of this ebook was written by Maeve
Maddox and Daniel Scocco.



This ebook does not attempt to include every aspect of English grammar found in a traditional school textbook. Its purpose is to present a brief review of grammar terms necessary to an understanding of the most common errors that occur in ordinary, nonacademic writing.
Because written language is an arrangement of words, understanding how words work individually and in groups is essential to correct written expression. The sports fan must understand terms like shortstop, quarterback and center in order to follow the description of a game.
Similarly, those who wish to speak and write standard English must master the concepts that we will cover ahead.


Section 1: The Sentence

The basic unit of speech and writing is the sentence.
A sentence is a series of words that form a complete thought, for example:

Birds fly.
Samuel Johnson's father ran a bookstore.
My two black cats enjoy lazing in the sun.
A complete sentence has two main parts: subject and predicate.

1.1 The Subject
When we speak or write, we speak or write about something. The subject is what is being spoken about. For example:

Birds fly. (the subject is "birds")


Samuel Johnson's father ran a bookstore. (the subjet is "Samuel Johnson's father.")
My two black cats enjoy lazing in the sun. (the subject is "My cats.")
The main word in the subject (usually a noun) is called the simple subject. The main word with all the words that describe it is called the complete subject.
For example, in the second sentence above, the simple subject is "father." The complete…...

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