Premium Essay

Assess the Concept of God

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mimi66
Words 1284
Pages 6
I believe that the concept of God is illogical. As God is the Supreme Being, he has a quantity of divine attributes such as: omniscience, omnipotence, Omni-benevolence, supreme goodness, eternal, self-sufficient, perfect, and everlasting, transcendence and immanence. In this essay, I will be looking at God's omnipotence, through the Stone Paradox, his omniscience, through the Free Will Paradox and Gods 'omniscience and immutability' and showing how they are not comprehensible.

Firstly, The Paradox of the Stone tests God's omnipotence. The dilemma is that either God can create a stone which He cannot lift, or He cannot create a stone which He cannot lift. If God can create a stone which He cannot lift, then He is not omnipotent (as He cannot lift the Stone). If God cannot create a stone which He cannot lift, then He is not omnipotent (since He cannot create the stone). Consequently, either way God is not omnipotent as there is something He cannot do. The first objection to the Stone Paradox is from George Mavrodes. He argues that the paradox is logically impossible. The claim that someone, x, can make something too heavy for x to lift is not generally self-contradictory. However, it becomes self-contradictory when x is omnipotent. An omnipotent being that cannot lift a stone is logically impossible because it is self-contradictory and describes nothing. Hence, there is no possible power for an omnipotent being to create a stone they cannot lift. So if God is omnipotent, and cannot create or lift a stone then He doesn't lack any possible power. Mavrodes comes up with another explanation: If God can lift any stone, but cannot create one He can't lift, then that means there is no limit to His power of lifting stones and also no limit on God's power of creating stones. Therefore God lacks no power of creating or lifting stones. Either of Mavrodes solutions prove that…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Existence of God

... Final Paper The Proof that God Exists The greatest question that man has ever asked is “Why”, as philosophers it is the only question that one asks. Since the birth of man kind, the question has been asked “where do we come from”; and since the birth of man kind the answer was simple, someone put us here, a person of higher being, a person often referred to as God. As a philosopher and thinker one can not simply believe in the existence of God, but ask the question why; why does God exist. There are many philosophers who dare to answer the “Why” including Rene Descartes, Immanuel Kant, and Thomas Aquinas. In answering this question there has developed three main arguments that focus on the proof for the existence of God; the Teleological, Cosmological, and Ontological arguments. The most difficult of the three arguments to understand is the Ontological argument, for it is purely logical proof; it attempts to argue from the idea of God to His necessary existence. Simply put the ontological argument attempts to prove the existence of God by stating God exists because he must. “While from the fact that I cannot conceive God without existence, it follows that existence is inseparable from Him, and hence that He really exists. For it is not within my power to think of God without existence.”(Descartes 135) Simply put, in the entire world there is a greatest, a number one, in every aspect of competition there is someone in which never loses. God must exist because there has......

Words: 1750 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

God and Free Will

...God’s Freedom In Morris’ articles “Omnipotence and Omniscience” and Swinburne’s “God,” the philosophers list and examine what they find to be the essential properties of God. In the articles, Morris and Swinburne agrees that an essential property of God must be that he must be perfectly free or at least have some type of freedom. Morris and Swinburne contend that where humans have free will, which might be just a marginal amount of freedom, God has the maximum amount possible of freedom that is logically possible limited by the other characteristics of God. However, it seems when closely examined, many of God’s essential characteristics strip him of any kind of freedom believers might attribute to him. Defining God’s freedom seems to be a very abstract and difficult task. As humans, we feel as though we have free will. There are many different ways to define human free will, but a common characteristic is the ability to have done otherwise in a situation. Meaning, if I were placed in the same exact situation where I had to make a decision multiple times, I could make a different decision each time. However, it seems that given the same exact circumstances, I would have no reason to make a different decision; I would always make the same choice, unless there was an element of randomness introduced. This doesn’t seem like a good way to define free will; God’s intentions never should seem random. A different interpretation would have free will as simply the ability to......

Words: 1616 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Gods

...The Role of the Gods in the Iliad In the era of Homer, divine intervention was thought to be typical, and one of his foremost works, The Iliad, reflects this. Nearly all of the Greek gods are involved in the outcome of the Trojan War, which happens to be the background story of this epic poem. The gods are used by Homer to add twists on an otherwise standard plot of war. Evidently, the gods will be a powerful source of divine intervention and their actions certainly have significant outcomes on the Trojan War, and more importantly, the story of The Iliad. Zeus, very untypical of a Greek god in his lack of involvement in the Trojan War for selfish reasons, was portrayed as the father figure, being impartial and fair to both sides of the war. He remains this way to serve as a check for the other god's involvement in the war. Without the presence of fate controlling the inner circle of Olympus, it is likely that the activity of the Trojan War would have become chaotic, possibly even becoming a playground of war for the gods. The power of fate, above all of the other gods combined, is a power that not even divine intervention can prevent. This theme of fate and how it controls the god’s actions is quite befitting to the storyline of The Iliad. The Iliad, in essence, recounts the story of part of the tenth year of the Trojan War. It recounts of the anger of Achilles, the greatest warrior present at Troy, and of the background battle that is ensuing. The reoccurring theme in the......

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Existence of God

...Is it Possible to Prove the Existence of God? Name Institution Is it Possible to Prove the Existence of God? Several theories have been put forward to explain how the universe came into being. While most religious groups maintain that, the universe is as a result of an act or acts of a Supreme Being, scientists proposes other theories to counter or agree with this argument. For example, the Big Bang theory tries to explain the origin of the universe because studies in astrophysics have clearly shown that indeed the universe had a beginning (Hatcher, 1994). In addition, the Charles Darwin’s theory also tries to explain the origin of man by suggesting that the human race as it exists today originated from a single cell to a complex being (Hatcher, 1994). However, some of these theories contain inconsistencies that may explain the existence of God. To prove the existence of God, one has to look at the observable phenomena such as the complexity of the universe, laws of nature and inconsistencies in proposed theories. The complexity of the universe suggests the presence of a Supreme Being. While the evolution theory tried to explain the origin of man, it failed to provide substantial evidence on the complexity of the human being (Hatcher, 1994). In fact, the theory suggests that a human being evolved from a single cell organism. However, the complexity of the human brain and the nervous system may suggest otherwise due to its structure.......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Explain the Concept of the Judaeo-Christian God as a Creator

...Judaeo-Christian concept of Good as a creator” The Bible first introduces God as a creator in Genesis. For example, the opening chapter of Genesis begins with the quote “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” Many fundamentalist Christians would take this quote literally and would use it to support their view that God is the creator of the universe. Jews and Christians both believe that God is the creator of the world and both believe in the God described in the old testament of the bible. Christians and Jews believe that God does things on purpose, he interacts with people and he cares about what they do. God is believed to be omnipresent, omnibenevolent and omnipotent. Creation out of nothing, or creation ex nihilo, is the belief that God created this world out of nothing, ex nihilo being Latin for "from nothing." The Bible is clear that God is the creator of this world, but the controversial issue of how, is always discussed within Christianity. Typically there are two main answers: either God created this world from nothing, or he created this world from pre-existing matter. Within the Bible, there are four main Omni qualities that many Christians believe God to possess. Firstly, God is described to be Omnipotent. This could be defined as ‘all powerful’ A biblical quote to support the view of God being Omnipotent is “Have you an arm like God and can you thunder with a voice like his” (Job 40:9) The quote could suggest that Christians feel that God is......

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...monitors potholes. “The experience is very natural,” claims Assaf Biderman, associate director of MIT’s SENSEable City Lab, which developed the Copenhagen Wheel, and CEO of Superpedestrian, the startup that makes the wheel. “You can essentially ride as far as you like.” The MIT team came up with the idea behind the Copenhagen Wheel not because they were looking to improve bikes but because they were trying to solve an urgent problem: traffic in the world’s fast-growing cities. “The car is not going to go away,” explains Biderman. “We realised that the bike is the best solution if we allow it to become more like a car.” Indeed, the MIT team worked with a range of cities in developing solutions for urban infrastructure, but decided that this concept – developed in conjunction with Copenhagen city planners – had the most obvious consumer-market potential. The Copenhagen Wheel, which can be pre-ordered online and will go on the market later this year, adds a smart twist to the traditional e-bike: power assist; brakes that store energy; and algorithms that help the bike understand when the rider pedals harder, allowing the wheel to push with more power. New York-based company FlyKly makes a similar wheel, the Smart Wheel, available for pre-order since October. “The smart thing is the most interesting aspect about these bikes,” says Esben Alslund-Lanthén, a research analyst at Danish sustainability think tank Sustainia. “Copenhagen isn’t hilly, but it’s windy. The smart aspect......

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assess the View That Conscience Is Not the Voice of God, but Is Learned. (35 Marks)

...a lot debate regarding where the conscience comes from, whether it be by a God given ability which is pushed forwards by biblical teachings, or from the sense of guilt we feel when we go against our conscience according to Sigmund Freud. “The Conscience is a difficult notion to understand and even more difficult to explain how it operates,” (Richard Gula) therefore there are many definitions of conscience and there are many philosophical theories about conscience and it connection with moral decision making. Firstly an argument for the conscience, which is the voice of God, comes from Augustine of Hippo, who said that “Men see the moral rules written in the book of light which is called Truth from which all laws are copied.” (De Trinitate, Augustine of Hippo). He was a theologian and believed that the conscience is God’s love poured forth to human beings, thus it is when God speaks to the individual, therefore he is arguing that the conscience is the voice of God and it reveals itself in solitary moments thus is not learned. Augustine argued that when God reveals Himself to a human, the human experience their own inadequacy. Since God is ‘perfect love and virtue’, any divine experience will reveal the inadequacies of being human and our inability to do anything about it. However, some have found weaknesses in this argument because this assumes that it cannot be questioned because it is the voice of God within. When the conscience goes against the teachings of the Church,......

Words: 1846 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Image of God

...Biblical Worldview Essay: Mankind Created in the image of God How would a Christian Counselor use this belief Caleb S. Mitchell Liberty University December 2014 Introduction God created man in His image and likeness and with this authority came great responsibility. When I graduate from Liberty I will enter the field of Christian Counseling. Having worked with other professionals from the Behavioral Health Sciences it is often easier to depend strictly on science and logic to address most issues. Not taking into account the core of mankind the spirit that God breathe into him in Genesis Chapter 2. Because mankind is made in the image of God means I have a responsibility to treat the spirit as well as the person. The belief that mankind is made in God’s image also means that I have to be ethical in my dealings with humanity. Belief is defined as an acceptance that a statement is true or that something exists; or something one accepts as true or real; a firmly held opinion or conviction. Either way a belief is rooted deeply in the heart of the individual or group. I belief that mankind is created in the image of God the creator. Because of this unique position in creation we are special and should be treated as such. As a Christian Counselor my work requires that I evaluate a person’s concern and provide guidance and advice as needed. As with most issue and concerns we face as humans there is always a deeper issue than what appears on the surface. Usually what is...

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Eternity of God

...Philosophy essay 09/02/2015 a) Explain the cosmological argument (25 marks) a) St Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican friar and priest who produced a large amount of writing attempted to prove the existence of God. He was most well know for this through his book 'Summa Theologica' which was left unfinished when he died. Within this book he explains the 'five ways', which he used to try and prove the existence of God. Aquinas though of the 'five ways' in order to try to prove and explain the existence of God. Within this concept it is the first three of the five ways that have been used to form the cosmological argument. Aquinas has said that it may not be possible to prove that the universe came into existence. This is supported in his book 'Summa Theologica', Aquinas says "God's effects... are enough to prove that God exists, even if they may not be enough to help us comprehend what he is". The fist of the five ways is based on motion. Within this theory he attempts to explain that an object is only able to move if a force that s outside of the object is acting on it. He described this as being a chine of events or movements that are not able to go back to infinity. He describes that there must have been a first. He called this the 'Prime mover', the prime mover he described to be unmoved itself. As everything in existence has to be moved by something else and therefore must be linked back to the prime mover. The second way Aquinas said identifies a series of causes and......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...infection and subsequently decrease the release of inflammatory mediators Consult physician if signs and symptoms persist or worsen Concept Mapping Name F.G._____________________ 5. Activity Intolerance r/t continuous bedrest and fatigue Allow for periods of rest before and after planned exertion periods such as meals, baths, treatments, and physical activity Monitor and maintain mechanical ventilator settings for respiratory Refrain from performing non-essential procedures 5. Activity Intolerance r/t continuous bedrest and fatigue Allow for periods of rest before and after planned exertion periods such as meals, baths, treatments, and physical activity Monitor and maintain mechanical ventilator settings for respiratory Refrain from performing non-essential procedures 2. Decreased cardiac output related to abnormal inflammation Assess patient’s HR, BP and hemodynamic parameters every hour and after interventions. Administer vasopressors if necessary to maintain MAP > 65 mmHg. 2. Decreased cardiac output related to abnormal inflammation Assess patient’s HR, BP and hemodynamic parameters every hour and after interventions. Administer vasopressors if necessary to maintain MAP > 65 mmHg. 3. Altered tissue perfusion r/t decreased blood volume, decreased myocardial contractility, impaired circulatory blood flow, widespread vasodilation Assess for and report s/sx of diminished tissue perfusion (e.g. ↓BP, restlessness, confusion, cool extremities, pallor or cyanosis of......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gods Provadence an amazing thing but, it is challenging to grasp the fact that God controls all things in creation. A large number of Christians feel the same way about God’s Providence but there are a few branches of Christianity that do not share the same view. For an example the Arminians represent one branch of Christianity that believe differently then mainstream Christianity. The Arminians believe that God cannot know the future of what our lives will hold in store for us or what we as humans will do while on Earth. This is significant because in scripture God teaches us to believe that he knows us before we have even been conceived. Wayne Grudem breaks God’s Providence down so it is easier to get a good understanding on this topic. Grudem also breaks down how and about what the Arminians believe differently. Grudem breaks down God’s Providence into the three main elements, “God is continually involved with all created things in such a way that he, (1) keeps them existing and maintaining the properties with which he created them; (2) cooperates with created things in every action, directing their distinctive properties to cause them to act as they do; (3) and directs them to fulfill his purposes.” Preservation, (the concept that God keeps all created things existing and maintaining the properties with which he created them) is simply stating that God is upholding everything in the universe just by his word of power. God preserves everything in the universe to remain the same until......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Of God and Nature

...Gloria Omole 1. There are two books that give me my divine stance: the one God wrote himself (scripture) and the alternative for those who don’t seek the bible (nature). Those who have not seen his teachings firsthand know of him through his scripture. 2. The sun caused the ones that know him through scripture to appreciate him; it was a miracle that was to be taken note of above all his other miracles 3. The pagans knew how to read the word better than Christians themselves, although they read less into it then those with faith do. 4. I do not forget to give God credit for nature, which is not the foundation of motion and rest, but the normal pace of mankind. 5. Every new day is marked by the revolution of the sun because that’s how God intended it to be. It cannot move without God’s push. 6. The various courses of nature, God rarely changes, but when he does it’s to perfect, using his strength in good context carefully. 7. One is only able to do impossible things with God’s guidance, like Moses making water drinkable with God’s voice. He has a precise way of doing things. 8. Nature can be named as one of the major works of God, because it is so complex. 9. Everything God created is beautiful. 10. He created everything for a reason, detail by detail. To call a creation ugly would be an abomination 11. There is no such thing as a deformity but there is such thing as a monstrosity, which can be mistaken for deformity because it......

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

God vs No God

...The definition of “God” is the supernatural that is conceived as the perfect, omnipotent and omniscient originator and ruler of the universe. God is the object of worship in monotheistic religions. After having studied this subject frequently back in the past and this chapter, there are many arguments for the existence of God such as the cosmological, the teleological, the ontological, and the moral arguments, etc. Although they are very powerful arguments, each one of them also has their own weakness. There are not only arguments towards the existence of God; however, there are also arguments against God as well. These are called the Empirical, Deductive, Inductive, and Subjective arguments. But, again, these arguments each also have their own strengths and weaknesses just like the arguments for the existence of God. One popular form of the Cosmological argument states that things exist and it is possible for those things to not exist; there is an uncaused caused for everything that has been brought into existence. So, according to this argument, the cause and what created the universe must have been God’s doing. However, this argument is thought by some to be completely illogical, as God would have to be caused as well. So, if God had a cause, what created God? Then there must be a higher power even above God. But yet, God is supposed to be all-powerful. Maybe it created itself? How is that possible? Perhaps the universe was always there, perhaps God was always there. I......

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

‘Assess the View That the Conscience Is Not the Voice of God but Learned’ Discuss.

...To assess this view that the conscience is not the voice of God but learned we have to consider what a conscience really is. Many define the conscience as a personal moral that guides us with moral and ethical issues, helping us to weigh up the more or less important ones. It is also shaped by the consequences from our actions and the lessons we learn. I take the stance of the statement disagreeing with the traditional religious view of a God-given conscience, our conscience is fabricated through our up bringing an environment and the reflection on past memories but the belief in God may affect how we respond and listen to our conscience. The proposition that the concept is not the voice of God but learned is supported by many psychologists. For instance Erich Fromm argued that all humans are influenced by external authorities such as Church leaders, parents and teachers who embed rules and guidelines into us and apply punishments for when with break them. These rules are sub-consciously archived by the individual that forms the basic of our conscience. The disobiendence and failings to follow these rules results in guilt which then leads us to the weakening of our power and more submissive responses to the authority. I see this as a strong, valid argument as we can see it happening in every day life. For example when children misbehave they show signs of guilt and shame. Also many murderers and criminals have had an unstable upbringing with their parents as unsuitable......

Words: 1251 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Critically Assess the Via Negativa as a Means of Knowing God

...Critically assess the Via Negativa as a means of knowing God In the Christian tradition, the via negativa (apophatic theology) refers to a way of speaking about God and his attributes through the way of the negative. Because God is beyond our capacity as human beings to comprehend, anything we can say of him is necessarily limited by our finite human understanding and his reality far surpasses our power of expression through our anthropocentric languages. It suggests that the closest way we can get to describing him is by saying what he is not, rather than what he is. We therefore can come to know God better through meditating on how much greater he is than anything we can conceive for as St. Thomas said: “This is the ultimate in human knowledge of God: to know that we do not know Him”. According to this way, we use words like “infinite,” “incorporeal”, “immutable,” and “ineffable” to describe God. Even to call God “perfect,” says St. Thomas, we do by way of negation, because we understand perfection as “lacking nothing.” Moses Maimonides believed that when it came to directly describing God’s nature, “silence is the best praise” and that even the Torah was an imperfect source for describing God as any descriptions are carried out using human language (“The Torah was written by the sons of men”). However he understood human need to describe and explain the characteristics of God, which he felt was impossible to do in a meaningful way; And so he suggested that we demonstrate......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5