Apa Ajalah

In: Business and Management

Submitted By christian366
Words 5726
Pages 23
Alexander membuktikan keberaniannya oleh mengalahkan pemberontakan di Gerika dan Thrace. Setelah negaranya berada di dalam keadaan pulih kembali, Alexander memutuskan untuk mengalahkan Kerajaan Torsia, suatu ambisi yang diturunkan dari Bapanya. Faktor yang mendorong raja mulia ini untuk melaksanakan rencananya adalah ambisi pribadi, kebutuhan untuk perluasan ekonomi, keinginan untuk menyebarkan kebudayaan Gorika dan kebencian kepada Persia oleh karena hubungan yang lampau dengan warganya.
Dalam tahun 334BC Alexander melewati Hellospont dan masuk wilayah Persia dengan hanya 35000 pasukannya, jumlah uang hanya 70 talenta, tapi persiapan untuk satu bulan. Serangannya ini merupakan satu kemenangan berturut-turut. Kemenangan pertama dicapai di Grancius, berikutnya di Issus pada tahun berikutnya, dan yang lain adalah di Tirus tahun berikutnya.
Melewati Palestina, Alexander mengalahkan Gaza dan memasuki Mesir dengan tidak ada hambatan. Disinilah pada tahun 331BC, dia mendirikan kota Alexandria. Dia menyatakan dirinya sebagai pengganti Firaun dan pasukannya menganggapnya sebagai Dewa. Tahun itu kemudian dia menuju Mesopatamia, pusat kerajaan Persia. Persia bertahan di tempat bernama Arbella, tapi tentara Persia dikalahkan. Kekayaan luar biasa dari satu kerajaan dunia yang terbesar terhampar di depan raja muda, yang berumur 25 tahun. Pada tahun 329BC dia telah mengalahkan Maracanda di Turki. Dua tahun kemudian dia menyeran India Barat Laut. Setelah melewati sungai Indus, maka pasukannya menolak untuk maju, dan dia dipaksakan menyerah kepada kemauan pasukannya. Setelah kembali ke Persia dan Mesopotamia, Alexander dihadapkan kepada satu tugas besar untuk mengatur akan kepemimpinan wilayahnya. Pada tahun 323BC dia membuat Ibu Kotanya di Babilon, kota yang masih tetap mengingatkan kejayaan pemeraintahan Nebukadnezar. Pada tahun yang sama maka Alexander mati oleh menderita…...

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