An Old Woman

In: English and Literature

Submitted By nandhininandhu
Words 2456
Pages 10
A sonnet of fourteen lines divided between three quatrains and an ending couplet, "To India My Native Land" is a song of love and deep emotion from Henry Louis Vivian Derozio to his "fallen country," India. The poem was published before Derozio's untimely death at the age of twenty-two from cholera in 1831.
The abab abcc dede ff rhyme scheme employed by Derozio is most clearly identifiable as a variation of Edmund Spenser's Amoretti rhyme scheme. In Derozio's, there is Spenserian concatenation (rhyme and meaning linkage) at the cc couplet in the second quatrain. It is at this couplet that the poetic speaker hits the crescendo of his song and reveals the emotional motivation behind the story he tells and behind the resolution he will promise.
In an apostrophe addressing India, the poetic persona, who is tightly associated with Derozio himself, recounts India's "days of glory past" when glory, reverence, and deity were like a "beauteous halo circled round thy brow." These four short lines of iambic pentameter paint a vivid picture of the India that existed before British colonization. They also reveal the deep emotional ties the persona has to the memory of the true India, the free India, the India that commanded respect from other civilizations.

The address to India continues in the second quatrain, but line 5 turns the topic from glory to misery. India's fallen estate under colonization is lamented and compared to a subdued eagle whose wings are chained, which renders the bird powerless as it grovels "in the lowly dust." In the cc couplet of the quatrain, the speaker exclaims over the loss of minstrel songs of victory since all that is left is India's story of "misery!" This is the high point of the poem and of the speaker's story of India's glory and fall. India's misery is the speaker's motivation and the reason for his forthcoming promise.

Line 9…...

Similar Documents

Woman in Psychology

...Woman In Psychology Sarah Buonarigo PSY/310 April 4, 2013 Ms. Gina Craft Woman In Psychology: Mary Whiton Calkins Mary Whiton Calkins was the first female President of the American Psychological Association and in the American Philosophical Association Mary came from a family who highly valued education. It was no wonder that Mary Whiton Calkins was a pioneer in the field of psychology (Gale, 2001). She was known to invent many research techniques and made important advancements in the area of memory that believed to still be used today. Although Mary did not have an easy entrance in the field of psychology she was able to get her bachelors and continue studying psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Mary Calkins was never considered an official enrolled student at the University of Harvard like she would have wanted in order to obtain her undergraduate degree, however she was able to attend classes as a “guest” of the University of Harvard which still allowed her to receive an education in psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Background Mary Whiton Calkins was born March 30, 1863 in Hartford, Connecticut. Mary was the eldest of five children born to Reverend Wolcott Calkins and Charlotte Grosvenor Whiton. Mary took on adult responsibilities at a young age due to her mothers failing mental and physical health. Mary earned a bachelor of arts in the classics from Smith College and began teaching Greek at Wellesley College in 1887 (Gale, 2001). One year later she was offered a...

Words: 1363 - Pages: 6

Woman Is Overrated

...to space, from politics to football. They are everywhere and can do everything or, at least they think so, a man can. One may think that this is a good sign of cooperation between men and women. But is it in reality? It’s a man’s world and women should take their dirty hands off our business. In most of the ancient societies women were treated very badly. They were seen as scums. They couldn’t own a property or had individual freedom to get married. They were forced to walk behind their husbands and widows couldn’t remarry. They were inferior to men and source of temptation and evil. According to Greek mythology it was a woman called Pandora who opened the box that Zeus gave to her and brought plague and unhappiness to mankind. There are many other famous sayings that discredit women. Among these are; • Woman, you are the devil’s gateway.” Tertullian • Woman is the gate of the devil, the path of wickedness, the sting of the serpent, in a word a perilous object. St. Jerome • In fact, even though the man was created outside of paradise, he is found to be superior. Ambrose the bishop of Milan • Women are on earth to bear children. If they die in childbearing, it matters not; that is all they are here to do. Martin Luther Male dominancy went on until the industrial revolution. With the industrial revolution people left their farms and started moving to cities where they worked in big factories together with other people. At first women still couldn’t work because the work......

Words: 886 - Pages: 4

Safety of Woman

...Being in the 21st century, with technology and world so advanced, we still talk about this subject, “Are Women Safe, in India, especially?” With surveys and understandings of what is happening around us, it is time that the country joins hands together to realize that – ‘Women are NOT SAFE in any means in India’. There have many cases that have been reported and many unreported for the torture a woman undergoes, yet there has been nothing done to change the law or the system to the way a woman is being looked at. Women have been advancing, progressing and have proved that they can beat men in any sector they are in. Be it sports, arts, science, politics, service or for that matter any where, she has stood at par with what a man could do. Yet, she still fights for equality. No matter what, the old thoughts and upbringing culture still lay cluttered in the minds of men that women should not be above men, but below them. It is sad to understand that women are the better halves of the society, yet they are the ones who face the maximum tortures in many ways in their lives. Time has changed, yet attitude towards women have never been changed. To understand better, one has to get to the root cause of the problem. It has all started ages ago, where men are thought to be gods and powerful and women to be just like slaves for household works. Even today, leave alone villages where people are uneducated, the educated society or who claims to be in the high class society,......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

No Name Woman

...civilization. Coming from a Chinese immigrant family whilst living an Americanized life, Kingston reveals the idea of gender being an important role in both cultures. In her story "No Name Woman" the author describes some of the gender roles and expectations both woman and men had to abide. Kingston uses a unique story told by her mother as an example. As she begins her article the author dives right into the story. Kingston retells only the information she is passed down secretly by her mother. Although the author is a Chinese-American she does not know the culture or what comes with it. To learn about the woman her aunt was, Kingston had to make due with her mother's words. The author begins to pick apart the story to find out just who her aunt was and what drove her to her demise. Because Kingston cannot ask about her unnamed aunt, she invents her own fantasies about why her aunt gave in to her forbidden passions. In the passage Kingston establishes realities between being a woman, displays the oppression of the male dominance the culture embodies, and the struggles that women have to go through to fight back against subjugation in all forms. To learn who her aunt was, Kingston must first learn what was the standard held by Chinese women at the time. From the beginning of "No Name Woman" the author depicts females as stationary spouses. Kingston speaks of the many hurried up weddings done to ensure that young men would return home instead of finding a new one.......

Words: 1284 - Pages: 6

The Wise Old Woman

...“Wise Old Woman” By Yoshiko Uchida Characters: * Young lord (of village) * Grandmother * Young villager * Lord Higa * Wise Old Men Setting: * The setting is In the Mountain and in the Village in the western hill of Japan Conflict: * Elders being exiled to the mountains to die at the age of 71 * Mother of young villager needs to make a decision about his mother * Lord Higa threatens the village  * Many long years ago, there was a cruel ruler who thought old peoples should be banished and should not be lived. So he make a low that is anyone who is over seventy-one must be banished from the village and left in the mountain. The ruler was strict and gives harsh punishment anyone who disobeys him so no one disobeyed him. Except for one. The young man didn't let his mother die in the mountain. He kept his mom secretly. But unfortunately, another ruler went to their village to conquer. Another ruler was also cruel so before he conquers them, he gave villagers three hard tasks. So the villagers thought each other to find the answer but they couldn't. Finally, the young farmer asked to his old mother. Every time he asks, his mother gave him a right answer. So because of the young farmer's old and wise mother, the villagers could be existed and not be conquered from others. In the end, the evil ruler of the village realizes the need for older people and noticed older people are wise and have more experiments then any others.......

Words: 2361 - Pages: 10

Analysis of ‘an Old Woman’ – by Arun Kolatkar

...Analysis of ‘An Old Woman’ – By Arun Kolatkar In the poem “An old woman” poet Arun Kolatkar uses the image of a mendicant old woman to symbolize the decay in society which he is trying to convey through the poem. The poem dives right into the subject matter, there is no description of the setting or nor any physical description of the woman, because the poem isn’t meant to be an image of a particular city or a particular person. All of us have at some point been in the situation of the narrator in the poem. And quite a few of us no doubt on some occasion have reacted the way the narrator did. And this is the very aspect of the poem which raises so many thoughts in our minds. The poem starts with an old decrepit lady holding the sleeve of a narrator and tagging along, nagging him for some money. “She wants a fifty paise coin”, but she is not begging for it outright. She offers to take him to the horseshoe shrine. This is the second aspect of the poem which is so appealing to the reader. People often argue that beggars are lazy and do not work for a living and therefore are in the position they are, which is mostly untrue and in this situation the poet even provides evidence against this. The old woman clearly has a modicum of self-respect, she cannot bring herself to beg for money and so tries to offer a service for which she can be paid. What’s more is that she is asking for a very nominal sum of money. Surely fifty paise wouldn’t make a massive dent in the narrator’s......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

A Woman of Standards

...A Woman of Standards Traditionally considered a subservient sex, the female role has only recently been allowed to surface under the scrutiny of the public eye. In the decades before it, women are undermined and repressed by the men that govern their very essence of being. Men, according to Jean-Jacque Rousseau in his piece Émile, do not require the presence of a woman in his life to retain his position of power, yet by the “laws of nature” women without a man has no control over her own social situation (257). Literature in the both the Enlightenment and Romantic eras help illuminate these ideas by enforcing a significant emphasis on the role and dress of the properly educated female and how that affects, or cannot affect, their standing in society. Elaborating on his previous point, Rousseau points out that, “everything that characterizes sex should be respected as established by nature” (256). The differences in both temperament and character of men and women would likewise indicate how their education ought to be in a natural balance against each other, specializing in different but similar actions (Rousseau 256). To better reinforce his theory, Rousseau challenges mothers to “try to educate them [their daughters] like men. They will be quite willing. But the more they resemble men the less will be their power over men, and the greater their own subjection” (256). The more womanly a female is, the better off she will be. If she retains her proper role, she can only...

Words: 1664 - Pages: 7

Woman

...God's Promises To The Giver Let's notice several scriptures where God makes promises to the giver. God promises blessings to the giver. (Acts 20:35) "...It is more blessed to give than to receive.” Promises from the Old Testament: Proverbs 3:9-10 "Honor the Lord with your possessions and with the first fruits of all your increase; so your barns (storehouses) will be filled with plenty, and your vats will overflow with new wine." Give your possessions to God. Honor Him with the first and best you have. The promised blessings will follow. "So your barns will be filled with plenty, and yours vats will overflow with new wine." Proverbs 11:24-25 "There is one who scatters, yet increases more; and there is one who withholds more than is right, but it leads to poverty. The generous soul will be made rich, and he who waters will also be watered himself." God promise increase to the one who scatters or gives what he has. God also promised blessing withheld from the one who fails to give. If you give you will be blessed. "He who waters will also be watered himself." Proverbs 19:17 "He who has pity on the poor lends to the Lord, and He will pay back what he has given." How could it be plainer? "The Lord will pay back what is given" to the poor. Malachi 3:10 "Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, That there may be food in My house, And try Me now in this, Says the Lord of hosts, If I will not open for you the windows of......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Woman in Black

...Woman in Black and How Susan Hill Creates Sympathy Charlotte Taylor How do you think Susan Hill creates sympathy for the character of Arthur Kipps? In the woman in black, written by Susan Hill, there’re a variety of devises that creates sympathy towards the character of Arthur Kipps. Arthur Kipps, a young solicitor and a non-believer in ghosts, creates a lot of sympathy and the reader empathises towards him. I am investigating how Susan Hill makes the reader sympathise towards Kipps. Susan Hill starts the book presenting Arthur Kipps as an old man, who lives in a beautiful house away in the countryside with his loving wife and children and has no cares in the world. He is a man of habit and finds pleasure in knowing that everything is how it should be and it should be under control. In the first chapter (Christmas Eve), we see him reflecting back as a young man and his experience in Eel Marsh House. He says in this chapter that “...as I often do in the course of an evening, went to the front door and stepped outside... I have always liked to take a breath of the evening...” We can see that he starts describing the weather to be nice and pleasant, however he has a sudden change of heart and says “My spirits have for many years now been excessively affected by the ways of the weather.” This creates sympathy for Kipps, because it makes the reader think of what could have affected him so badly, that makes him think second about the weather. When Kipps takes the journey to...

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Woman to Woman Marriage Among the Kalenjins

...sister or friend of the bride. Before they ate, their hands were washed with water sprinkled from a gourd. Dowry or sueet-aap Tuuga in this event a number of people had to be in on the discussion a bout the dowry and they had to reach agreement as to what this included. The girl’s parents were to know where the cattle came from, so her father would ask; “atatuugaap lugeet ? (How many of the cattle did the groom capture in the raid?) ata tuugaap mabwai?” (How many of the cattle are from the father of the groom?) “How many are tuugap mwaai?” (How many cattle are from the sisters of the groom? When final agreement was reached, it was like saying, “get ready for the wedding.” At the time of girl’s marriage there could be a request from the woman who had fed her during the seclusion period of her initiation rites. Suet-aap tuuga was the event when the animals for the dowry were brought to the salt troughs to be viewed by the bride’s family. The prospective groom was to point out the cows which he planned to give for the dowry. The sueet-aap tuuga ceremonies also include an expensive feast, food was provided, and milk and blood were drunk. Rateet, during this day the groom along with a herd’s boy and a cheplaakweet (house girl/maids) left in the early morning for the home of the bride. On reaching, the three of them would stand at the mabwaita. The bride was called to meet the groom. She would refuse to come until her father promised her a sheep or a goat. When she came......

Words: 1762 - Pages: 8

A Old an

...I learned more about the world (both of more experience and disappointment of the reality) that I truly appreciated the stories and interpreted them as types of satire. Taking The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World and A very Old Man with Enormous Wings into an adult’s point of view, and reflecting on them more critically, I noticed that these two stories were more profound. While The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World seems to be a story about how the village people appreciated and the dead man and were influenced positively by him, looking at this from another perspective, we can see how shallow these people were. The villagers took a foreign dead man as a god-like figure just by his looks, and changed their village completely because of him. The once “[desolated] … streets, [dry] … courtyards, [narrow] … dreams” all changed to “gay colors, … plating flowers …” just to make “Esteban’s memory eternal.” It seems almost sarcastic to make a story based on such easily influenced people – influenced no other than a corpse. Marquez may have wanted children to see how some people, even a dead one, can influence others through this story. However, taking a distant look, he may have wanted adults to see the hidden foolishness beneath this story. A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings also seems to have a hidden meaning. From a child’s point of view, this may be a story about how a poor angel finally frees from dominating house owner. However, to the adult reading this, this may be......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

The Woman in Black

...Faculty: Pedagogy Name, surname: Aytan Mammadova Group: 203 A Teacher : Ulviyya Ahmedova 2015 “The woman in black” By Susan Hill “The Woman in Black” was first published in 1983 and has gone on to have a remarkable life over the following decades, in various paperback incarnations. It consists of twelve chapters. When the book opens, Arthur Kipps is sharing some fascinating thoughts about how he's always been affected by the weather. He describes how he came to live at Monk's Piece and stumbled across it while out on a ride with his employer, Mr. Bentley. Arthur is a solicitor and has worked with Mr. Bentley for many years. Now he's married to a woman named Esmé and lives in Monk's Piece with her four children from a previous marriage; they have been happily settled for fourteen years. It's Christmas Eve and Arthur is at home with Esmé and her children when the boys begin telling ghost stories. Arthur tries to be cool with it, but he's uneasy. When Edmund asks him to join in, he pretty much leaves in a huff and goes to walk outside. Eventually he rejoins the party, but not before deciding to write down the story of what happened to him when he went to Crythin Gifford so many years ago. And now the real story begins. It's November. Twenty-three year old solicitor Arthur Kipps is going on a business trip for his boss, Mr. Bentley. He's headed to the home of recently deceased Alice Drablow to sort out her affairs and attend her...

Words: 2121 - Pages: 9

Woman Safety

...ARE WOMAN REALLY SAFE IN INDIA? The condition of women in India has always been a matter of grave concern. Since the past several centuries, the women of India were never given equal status and opportunities as compared to that of their male counterparts. The patriarchal nature of Indian society, which even though gives respect to women as they are our mothers and sisters, has greatly hampered both the independence as well as the safety of women. One of the main reasons of violence against women is the mentality which deems women inferior of men and merely limits their importance to the maintenance of the household, the upbringing of children and pleasing their husbands and serving other members of the family. Violence against women is present in every country, cutting across the boundaries of culture, class, education, income, ethnicity and age. Even though it is now forbidden in most parts of the world, the reality is that violations against women’s rights are often sanctioned under the garb of cultural practices and norms or through misinterpretation of religious tenets. Moreover, when the violation takes place within the home, as is very often the case, the abuse is effectively condoned by the tacit silence and the passivity displayed by the state and the law-enforcing machinery. In India even in the 21st century, women cannot step out of their house at any given time, assured of her physical and sexual safety. Everyday women in this society face more problems than......

Words: 3379 - Pages: 14

The Woman in Black

...THE WOMAN IN BLACK THEMES Little Words, Big Ideas Betrayal Sure, we'll buy that Jennet was betrayed. Her sister forcibly took away her only child and then allowed—at least from Jennet's perspective—him to die in a horrible accident. Way to take care of... Isolation Since The Woman in Black is more or less set in the middle of nowhere among bogs and fogs, it makes sense that a lot of the book is basically a how-to guide on being scared and alone. In the book,... Revenge To Jennet, revenge is a dish best served cold... or hot, or on the side, or fried up in a tasty hash, or pretty much any way she can get it. What we're saying is that this chick likes revenge. Even... Fear Talk about Fright Nights. This is one haunted house that even thrill-seekers are going to want to avoid. The Woman in Black is interested in a lot of things—nature, the Sublime, revenge—but it'... Appearances This isn't one of those horror stories where things aren't always what they seem, and Jennet is no disembodied ghost going bump in the night. She's fully embodied, with eyes, clothes, and skin—ev... Memory and the Past The Woman in Black is one long trip down memory lane, but it's not the memory lane that happens to be lined with rose bushes and chirping birds and lazy afternoons at the beach. It's more a memory... The Supernatural What's more supernatural than ghosts and phantom noises and self-rocking chairs? The Woman in Black is chock-full of creepy, inexplicable details......

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

A Respectable Woman

...A Respectable Woman by Kate Chopin (1851-1904) Mrs. Baroda was a little provoked to learn that her husband expected his friend, Gouvernail, up to spend a week or two on the plantation. They had entertained a good deal during the winter; much of the time had also been passed in New Orleans in various forms of mild dissipation. She was looking forward to a period of unbroken rest, now, and undisturbed tete-a-tete with her husband, when he informed her that Gouvernail was coming up to stay a week or two. This was a man she had heard much of but never seen. He had been her husband's college friend; was now a journalist, and in no sense a society man or "a man about town," which were, perhaps, some of the reasons she had never met him. But she had unconsciously formed an image of him in her mind. She pictured him tall, slim, cynical; with eye-glasses, and his hands in his pockets; and she did not like him. Gouvernail was slim enough, but he wasn't very tall nor very cynical; neither did he wear eyeglasses nor carry his hands in his pockets. And she rather liked him when he first presented himself. But why she liked him she could not explain satisfactorily to herself when she partly attempted to do so. She could discover in him none of those brilliant and promising traits which Gaston, her husband, had often assured her that he possessed. On the contrary, he sat rather mute and receptive before her chatty eagerness to make him feel at home and in face of......

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6