An Interpretation of the Pleas of Mary Fisher

In: Social Issues

Submitted By mits5k
Words 1750
Pages 7
An Interpretation of the Pleas of Mary Fisher

Mary Fisher’s speech “A Whisper of AIDS” is, for all intents and purposes, a persuasive speech. She offers no information in the speech—only commentary. She does not offer a bevy of facts or numerical figures as she orates to the crowd (presumably the Republican Party, based upon the text of the speech), and she does not cite scientific studies. She talks about her experiences as a woman with HIV, and her observations of the world as it reacts to others who are infected with HIV or AIDS. She is trying to persuade her audience to be mindful of the issue at hand, essentially. Analyzing the speech won’t be too difficult as long as we have an operative understanding as to her rhetoric, which stems from an understanding of the rhetorical modes. John Locke offered my favorite definition of rhetoric: “[Rhetoric,] that powerful instrument of error and deceit.” It is important to bear this definition in mind as we survey anything. It is, perhaps, a very cynical way to look at the world—but only in being a skeptic can one avoid misinformation. With that in mind, what are the rhetorical modes? Bill Stifler wrote the following on the subject, which sums them up very well:

“Rhetorical modes are patterns of organization aimed at achieving a particular effect in the reader. Narration and Description are modes whose primary purpose is stirring the reader's emotions. Process, Cause/Effect, Comparison/Contrast, Illustration, Definition, and Classification/Division essays aim at helping readers understand a subject, exploring its functions, causes, consequences, relationships to other subjects, meaning, or nature. Argumentative and Persuasive essays seek to change readers' attitudes or actions with regard to specific subjects. Each kind of essay (or mode) has its own unique characteristics and qualities as well as characteristics…...

Similar Documents

An Investigation of the Fisher Effect in Zambia

...THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA SCHOOL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS POSTGRADUATE STUDIES AN INVESTIGATION OF THE FISHER EFFECT IN ZAMBIA (1992-2011) A Research Proposal for the Dissertation in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of The Degree of Master of Arts RESEARCHER: MEBELO MUTEMWA COMPUTER NO.: 531004482 SUPERVISORS: DR. C. NG’ANDWE DR. C. MPHUKA DATE: AUGUST, 2012. * ABSTRACT This study seeks to investigate the extent to which the Fisher Hypothesis holds in Zambia. The Fisher hypothesis states that nominal interest rates move one-for-one with expected inflation, leaving the real rate of interest unaffected. Interest rate is an important variable for macroeconomists because it links the economy of today and the economy of the future through its effects on saving and investment decisions. The validity of the Fisher effect also has important implications for monetary policy and needs to be considered by central banks. Despite the importance of the Fisher Hypothesis, very few studies have been carried out in developing countries compared to developed countries. The study will utilize time series data for the period 1992 to 2011, this corresponds to the period in which interest rates were liberalized, and also the period in which Zambia was using monetary targeting as the monetary policy framework. The analysis will use the commercial bank lending rate as proxy measure of nominal interest rates and the Bank......

Words: 8154 - Pages: 33


...Fed’s Fisher Says Too-Big-to-Fail Banks Should Be Shrunk Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President Richard Fisher said the government should break up the biggest U.S. banks rather than allow them to hold a “too-big- to-fail” advantage over smaller firms. The 12 largest financial institutions hold almost 70 percent of the assets in the nation’s banking system and profit from an unfair implicit guarantee that the government would bail them out, Fisher said today in a speech at the Conservative Political Action Conference in National Harbor, Maryland. The biggest banks enjoy a “significant” subsidy, enabling them “to grow larger and riskier,” he said. “These institutions operate under a privileged status,” Fisher said. “They represent not only a threat to financial stability, but to fair and open competition.” The biggest banks came under scrutiny yesterday at a Senate hearing on JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM), which hid trading losses, according to a report by the Senate’s Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. The New York-based firm under Chief Executive Officer Jamie Dimon lost more than $6.2 billion last year in a credit derivatives bet by Bruno Iksil, known as the London Whale. Fisher said in a phone interview with Bloomberg News that his proposal “will not lead to the denial of credit for U.S. corporations.” The cost from big banks “far exceeds the benefits,” and the U.S. doesn’t need “to have the largest banks in the world to compete,” Fisher said after his......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Plea Bargianing

...THE INS AND OUTS OF THE PLEA BARGAIN PROCESS Carla Smith April 15, 2013 The reason that the crime control model oppose the plea bargaining is that the criminal avoids the true sentence and receives a lighter sentence when they take the plea bargain. The reasons that the due process model oppose the plea bargaining is that the plea bargaining undercuts the rights of people and could cause innocent people to go to prison. Some people plead guilty to the crime just to avoid the death sentence at trial, take the Alford v. North Carolina 1971. He plead guilty for that reason. The caseload hypothesis is when the lawyer’s caseloads are so heavy they start giving plea bargains. If there were more of everyone and everything, we could prosecute more people. Another reason for plea bargaining is to make sure these criminal do some kind of time and get them off the streets and if there is not enough evidence to get a for sure guilty at trial. I believe that that the second explanation is the best and most accurate. This seems to be the most popular reason. The significance of Boykin v. Alabama is that the Supreme Court stated that it was the judge’s fault for accepting a plea bargain from a defendant without showing that is was voluntary and intelligent. The ‘jury trial penalty’ is when the defendant is not offered a plea bargain or does not take the plea bargain and decides to go to trial. Alford plea is when a person pleads guilty and accepts the plea bargain but is still......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2


...Interpretation is an important component as a means of influencing or even changing environmental attitudes and/or behaviour of visitors to protected areas. The two important components are communicating ideas and enriching visitor experiences. This essay will define interpretation and discuss the effectiveness of interpretation as a means of influencing or even changing environmental attitudes and/or behaviour of visitors to protected areas and evaluate the roles of tourism and environmental agencies in managing & controlling the impacts of tourism in protected areas. For the purpose of this research more visitor-focused definition will be used. Definition of Interpretation There are two ways to describe interpretation. The first would be listing the forms of interpretation. For example: information centre, guide walk and tour, guidebook, brochures and signs or pamphlets that provide information of the protected areas The example given above could be suggested that interpretation incorporates all the various ways in which organizer seek to communicate with their visitors. It is also sometimes refer to as visitors’ education. Recently interpretation has been use as a recognized element of other types of attraction such as theme parks. The increase usage of interpretive activities reflects growing competition between attractions and increasing expectations from visitors. (Harris, 2005) Given the wide range of places where interpretation is used, it is not surprising to...

Words: 2173 - Pages: 9

Plea Bargaining

...1 Assignment – Plea Bargaining Sarah Lee Westwood College – South Bay CRJS121 – Corrections Dalia Fragoso August 19, 2013 Plea Bargaining The right to a trial by jury was considered a central part of the justice system in the early days of the United States. The Seventh Amendment of the Bill of Rights codified it as an essential part of Americans' civil liberties. When criminals were caught and charged, the government went through a trial and verdict. But in the 1800s, a trend toward plea-bargaining began. In Alameda County, from 1880 to 1910, nearly 10 percent of all defendants changed their "not guilty" pleas to "guilty of lesser charges" or pled guilty to reduced charges (Fisher, 2003). A plea bargain is an agreement between a defendant and a prosecutor, in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty or no contest (nolo contendere) in exchange for an agreement by the prosecutor to drop one or more charges, reduce a charge to a less serious offense, or recommend to the judge a specific sentence acceptable to the defense. As criminal courts become ever more crowded, prosecutors and judges alike feel increased pressure to move cases quickly through the system. Criminal trials can take days, weeks, or sometimes months, while guilty pleas can often be arranged in minutes. Also, the outcome of any given trial is usually unpredictable, whereas a plea bargain provides both prosecution and defense with some control over the result. Today, the plea bargain is an......

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Justice for Mary

...Willock CRIM 101 Justice for Mary/Current Event Paper Ivy Tech Community College Willie Whitfield November 5, 2012 Sean Janas, a twenty year old woman from Wausau, Wisconsin, was charged with felony mistreatment of animals, giving poison to the animal, a misdemeanor and obstruction. The Associated Press reported that “Janas kept a diary with entries describing her intense hatred for Mary…the diary also detailed the abuse Janas inflicted on the dog.” Prosecutors confirmed that Janas kept a diary with disturbing rituals she inflicted on Mary describing months of abuse. Mary was Janas’ boyfriend’s dog, a four year old German Shepherd/Labrador mix. She is charged with poisoning the dog with Draino, bleach, and pills then finally slitting Mary’s neck. Mary was found bleeding from the head and vomiting blood while wandering around a nearby neighborhood and was taken to the local Veterinarian’s office where she later died. Janas faces more than five years in prison and $30,000 in fines if she is convicted on all of the aforementioned charges. Circuit Judge, Michael Moran, orders Janas to stay away from all animals with no direct contact while her case is pending. After her arrest on October 23, 2012, and circuit court where she is charged, a preliminary hearing was scheduled for October 31, 2012; where she was ordered to stand trial for killing Mary, her boyfriend’s dog. After waiving her right to a preliminary hearing she is scheduled to enter pleas at her next court......

Words: 545 - Pages: 3


...Accession of Mary Mary’s accession generally accepted and favoured by the English people, most likely because she was a legitimate successor There was the issue with Lady Jane Grey – Northumberland attempted to make his daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, the successor after Edward. She was Queen for nine days, but was deposed and Mary carried on as legitimate successor. Faction Mary was determined to fill the council with loyal people, but she couldn’t prevent all rivalries! = Gardiner vs. Paget. The rivalry emerged over Mary’s marriage issue. Gardiner proposed that Mary should marry Courtnay, and Paget argued she should marry Phillip of Spain Some were also sceptical of some of her policies, such as the effectiveness of the burning of protestants. However, despite some disagreements with her policies, she managed to obtain agreement for 3 major steps: the full return to Rome in religion, her marriage to the heir of the Spanish throne and the declaration of war on France Faction was much less of a problem in Mary’s reign than her predecessors, with a greater sense of continuity and solidarity among most councillors. Marriage The first question on everybody’s lips was “Who should marry Mary?” Edward Courtney vs. Phillip of Spain Why Phillip? He was a Catholic He was Spanish, and Mary was half Spanish after all! He had more political experience as he had already been regent in the Netherlands Spain has money and owns most of Europe and the Americas It would......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2


...el contenido, Ensayar y grabar. 7.- ¿Cómo las nuevas tecnologías influyen en el trabajo del intérprete? La rápida evolución de las nuevas tecnologías digitales no ha pasado por alto el sector de las Conferencias. Cada vez más, los organizadores de congresos desean aprovechar estas tecnologías y, en no pocas ocasiones, combinadas con un sistema de interpretación simultánea. 1. What is the interpretation of a language? The interpretation of language or interpretation is simply an activity of linguistic mediation is to transmit a speech orally or in sign language, giving rise to an equivalent speech in a language, either oral or a type of sign language. 2. What is an interpreter? Interpreter is called to the person doing the interpretation. His role is to convey the message of the original speech, taking into consideration various aspects such as the register used, the information implicit in the message and emotions. 3. What is the difference between interpretation and translation? The translations consist in express in another language what is written, while interpretation is the translation of messages transmitted orally. The difference, therefore, lies in the way of communicating the message. 4. What is oratory? Public speaking is a genre of literature that is formed by the speech, sermon, dissertation, etc. . Oratory is the art of public speaking informing about a particular topic, entertaining and stirring up. Your goal is to persuade your arguments to......

Words: 669 - Pages: 3

Fisher Hypothesis

...The Non-Stationary and Tax Effects Results of the Fisher Hypothesis Jodi Bob RES 342 September 9, 2010 Paul L. Worthey, MBA, MA.Ed, BSIT The Fisher Hypothesis The long-term Fisher hypothesis relates the long-term nominal interest rate to an expected one period inflation rate. The analysis explores interest rates and inflation and the non-stationary process. The Fisher hypothesis tests the long-term coupon-bearing bonds when presuming nominal interest rates and inflation to be non-stationary stochastic processes. In the article descriptions on the issues of whether interest rates are measuring in pre-tax or after-tax terms. The hypothesis questions the usefulness that interest rates contain regarding future inflation and if it is a concern for policy-makers. Second, it questions whether monetary authorities are good indicators of pressures from inflation on the economy. The paper written in 1975 by Fama on the implications of the Fisher hypothesis expectations has caused several investigations with the relationship between nominal interest rates and expected inflation. Fama’s analysis offered fundamental insight under the assumption that a constant expected real rate and the efficiency that the bond market implies that a one-period nominal interest rate would be a possible indicator of a one-period inflation rate. The methods of this hypothesis were......

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Mary Fisher: the Struggle to Inform

...Mary Fisher: The Struggle to Inform Demetris Vance ITT Technical Institute (Online Division) Mary Davis Fisher is an artist, author and speaker who travel the world promoting for those who share her HIV-positive status. UNAIDS Special Representative Mary Fisher is a strong advocate in raising awareness and engaging people living with HIV. Fisher, a former wealthy socialite from a prominent Republican family, has become a public symbol for the lesson that no one is immune to HIV. Mary Fisher's life, despite her privilege, has been anything but easy. Her father abandoned her when she was very young, and much of her life has been spent trying to please Max Fisher, her mother's second husband. Her mother was an alcoholic, as was Mary, who also married twice. Both marriages ended in divorce; after the second divorce, she learned that her ex-husband had infected her with HIV. As she becomes part of the AIDS community, she loses friends to the disease, and she gets more critical of conservative responses to AIDS. She characterizes some Republican rhetoric on HIV-positive immigrants as ``horrible'' and condemns the Christian right for its moralism. But Fisher writes around other issues, leaving it unclear, for instance, whether she agrees with media accounts that portrayed her famous 1992 speech as the only moment of compassion in an otherwise vicious convention. (Dorfman, 2012) On August 20, 1992, Mary Fisher addressed the Republican National Convention in Houston. She spoke......

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5


..."Living Like Weasels" is a journey into the way human beings might live contrasted with the thoughts of how weasels live. In this beautifully written essay, Dillard describes her chance encounter with an ordinary weasel and how it helped her receive understanding into the difference between the way human beings live their lives and the way wild animals go about theirs. She does this by offering up vivid descriptions and images concerning her quick, but thought provoking run in with the reclusive weasel. Dillard is attempting to show us that we can discover a lot about the true way to live by observing nature's other creations. Yet, at the same time telling us that the way we live is totally up to us, which leads me to my personal interpretation. One could argue humans that lived during the Neanderthal period were similar to that of a weasel. Throughout time the mental capacity of the human has grown to be far more complex and sophisticated than earlier times. With that being said the weasel as we know acts off of pure instinct, whereas the human mind needs to process and articulate each move we make. People often search a definite answer on how to live their lives, as if there is a road map or instructions that will lead you to resolution. Actually, the truth is we, humans, are blessed with an ability that separates us from any other creature; the capacity to intelligently choose to live as we please, instead of how we were created to. I believe that in earlier......

Words: 1392 - Pages: 6

Plea Bargaining

...Plea Bargaining Paper The criminal justice system seeks to protect the public and uphold laws, part of this process includes plea bargaining, plea bargaining is a process in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in most cases in order to obtain a lesser charge to the crime as well as some leniency from the prosecutor(Schmalleger, Siegel, & Worrall, 2011). There are two types of plea bargains, they are called sentence bargaining and charge bargaining ("Nolo Law For All", 2014). Sentence bargaining is another process in which the courts practice, the major differences between sentence bargaining and charge bargaining are, sentence bargaining is when the defendant agrees to plead guilty to a lesser sentence, in charge bargaining the prosecutor negotiates with the defendant to determine which charges are being filed against the defendant or the defendant pleads guilty to a less serious crime than the original charge(Schmalleger, Siegel, & Worrall, 2011). There are some advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining, such as lesser charges, but in some cases the plea bargain gives the rights up of the defendant to make the prosecution prove charges against the defendant ("Nolo Law For All", 2014). Plea bargaining has a long history behind it, it has its problems and shortcomings, however it is still a highly recognized process in the courts today. Plea bargain is defined as a mutual understanding between the prosecutor and the defendant, this usually places the defendant...

Words: 1173 - Pages: 5

Plea Bargains

...Plea bargains play a major role in the criminal justice system. The use of plea bargains has become quite controversial with valid points argued by those who support and those who oppose their use. Before making a decision to agree or disagree, one must compare the arguments regarding the use of plea bargains as well as understand the purpose of the plea bargain, types of plea bargains, and the positive and negative aspects of each type of plea bargain. Purpose of Plea Bargains A plea bargain is an arrangement made for a criminal case in which the prosecution proposes a deal to the defendant in exchange for a guilty plea. A plea bargain allows individuals who have been accused of criminal activity the ability to dodge a possible conviction during a trial for a more serious charge. The prosecution will typically offer the defendant a sentence for a lesser charge, or the original charge will remain with an additional recommendation for a lighter sentence (Meyer & Grant, 2003). These types of incentives allow the courts to save time and money by settling cases quickly and effectively. Plea bargains are initiated by either the defense or prosecuting attorney. Both parties are involved throughout the process of negotiations. This process can either be speedy or consist of several lengthy meetings that involve changing the conditions of the plea agreement until an agreement is reached. The prosecution and defense must be in complete agreement regarding the......

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

Plea Insanity

...The “Insanity” Plea The “Insanity” Plea A criminal defendant who is found to have been legally insane in the course of committing a crime is relieved the criminal responsibility by the virtue of suffering from a mental disease (Findlaw, 2015). In some cases, the accused may be sentenced to a less severe sentence or punishment after being found on the wrong side of the law because of the mental impairment. Many nations allow the insanity defense in their legal systems. However, the accused must prove to the court that they were not on their senses or acted upon uncontrolled impulse or some variety of these factors when doing the wrongful doings. The general sense of insanity plea is to provide the alleged perpetrator of the criminal offense a fair trial. The society is even in agreement with this principle in extreme cases. Nonetheless, the major challenge falls on where to draw the line. That is, the circumstances where one can be considered insane and instances when he or she is not. It is worth noting that, no matter how appealing the crime itself is, it doesn’t demonstrate the level of insanity. Today, the legal systems use way too much of the insanity defenses. While there are many questionable defense tactics, insanity plea targets to protect the rights of the accused and further the course of justice. This paper discusses the insanity plea as used in the legal systems in the present times. What is the main purpose of insanity plea? How did it......

Words: 1941 - Pages: 8


...Fisher & Paykel Appliances Holdings Ltd, it committed to gathering actionable customer data to drive product innovation and improvement. The innovation represented the competitive advantages for this company. It also focused on building a strong appealing global brand and aware that high quality product and service are crucial to both the company’s image and profitability. Company is trying to leverage their competitive advantage to provide the industry with sum systems, enabling technologies application integration and manufacturing equipment. The strenth Fisher & Paykel Australia, strategic partnership of Fisher & Paykel Appliances with Haier offers opportunities for the appliance manufacturers with access to new products and lucrative, global markets. The partnership with Haier provides Fisher & Paykel Appliances with rapid access to products and markets. Haier will take the Fisher & Paykel Appliances brand to market in their home market of China, while Fisher & Paykel Appliances will distribute the Haier brand in New Zealand and Australia. Haier have been working with Fisher & Paykel Appliances since 2004. Fisher & Paykel Appliances Holdings Ltd has transferred most of its production to low-cost countries, and plans to transfer nearly all production to these countries. The company has its own sales companies in New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States. They are supported by distributors in over 40 countries, particularly in......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3