Africa Tendencias

In: Miscellaneous

Submitted By jalfaiate
Words 1132
Pages 5
Introdução
A economia africana encontra-se actualmente numa situação semelhante à dos países asiáticos à 15 anos atrás.
Apesar de 34 dos 48 países mais pobres do mundo estarem em África, o crescimento recente do investimento directo estrangeiro sugere que o continente está-se a tornar cada vez mais competitivo (situação análoga à experiência da Ásia há 15 anos). Em particular, as economias da África Austral cresceram significativamente na última década. A abundância na região de recursos naturais (por exemplo, minerais, energia) e o seu sector agrícola levou ao aumento exponencial do comércio com parceiros de mercado emergentes, como China, Índia e Brasil. No entanto enquanto o aumento do comércio potência o crescimento, a falta de transportes, de energia, de tecnologias de informação e comunicações, resultantes da ausência de infra-estruturas, ou da sua inadequação representam um forte bloqueio para que a região atinja o seu potencial de crescimento.
A.1. Exportações da Africa Subsariana

Fonte: JICA - Preparatory Survey for Southern Africa Integrated Regional Transport Program, 2010

Ainda assim, se compararmos tendência de evolução percentual do PIB até 2016, verifica-se que a percentagem de crescimento prevista para a África subsariana é apenas ultrapassada pelo crescimento dos países asiáticos em desenvolvimento (grupo onde se incluem a China, a Índia), mas que ainda assim se situa acima dos 5% (Gráfico A.2.). A África subsariana é no entanto composta por 44 países muito diversos que enfrentam diferentes problemas de natureza política, económica, e social onde se incluem a instabilidade política, a pobreza extrema, conflitos internos, epidemias (por ex. Sida, e malária), entre outros.
Com o objectivo de criar condições para o desenvolvimento de uma forma sustentada, e promover o combate de uma forma hamonizada aos problemas de uma parte desta região…...

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