Aceh

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Steffi
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MAKALAH SEJARAH
KERAJAAN ACEH

[pic]

Oleh :
Maya Soetanto XI IA-1/22
Cicilia Steffi Hidajat XI IA-1/26
Aditya Hendratha XI IA-1/28
Alim Nugroho Santoso XI IA-1/29
Witny Widjaja XI IA-1/33
Michelle Nataia Juwono XI IA-1/40

SMAK ST. LOUIS 1 SURABAYA
2008/2009

BAB I
PENDAHULUAN

A. Latar Belakang
Kesultanan Aceh Darussalam berdiri menjelang keruntuhan dari Samudera Pasai yang pada tahun 1360 ditaklukkan oleh Majapahit hingga kemundurannya di abad ke-14. Kesultanan Aceh terletak di utara pulau Sumatera dengan ibu kota Kutaraja (Banda Aceh) dengan sultan pertamnya adalah Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah yang dinobatkan pada pada Ahad, 1 Jumadil awal 913 H atau pada tanggal 8 September 1507. Dalam sejarahnya yang panjang itu (1496 - 1903), Aceh telah mengukir masa lampaunya dengan begitu megah dan menakjubkan, terutama karena kemampuannya dalam mengembangkan pola dan sistem pendidikan militer, komitmennya dalam menentang imperialisme bangsa Eropa, sistem pemerintahan yang teratur dan sistematik, mewujudkan pusat-pusat pengkajian ilmu pengetahuan, hingga kemampuannya dalam menjalin hubungan diplomatik dengan negara lain.

B. Rumusan Masalah 1. Bagaimana perjalanan Kerajaan Aceh secara umum? 2. Bagaimana struktur pemerintahaan Kerajaan Aceh? 3. Bagaimana kehidupan politik Kerajaan Aceh? 4. Bagaimana kehidupan sosial budaya Kerajaan Aceh? 5. Bagaimana kronologis terjadinya perang Aceh?

BAB II
ACEH

A. Perjalanan Kerajaan Aceh Secara Umum

1. Awal mula

Kerajaan Aceh didirikan oleh Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah pada tahun 1496. Pada awal masa pemerintahannya wilayah Aceh mencakup Daya, Deli, Pedir, Pasai, dan Aru. Pada tahun 1528, Ali Mughayat Syah digantikan oleh putera sulungnya yang bernama Salahuddin, yang kemudian berkuasa hingga tahun 1537. Kemudian Salahuddin digantikan oleh Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah al-Kahar yang…...

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