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Accounting Management Tools

In: Business and Management

Submitted By daaz
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What is management accounting? Management accounting or managerial accounting is the process of identifying, analyzing, recording and presenting financial information that is used for internally by the management for planning, decision making and control. In contrast to financial accounting, managerial accounting is concerned with providing helpful information and reports to internal users such as managers and entrepreneurs, so that they can control and plan the business activities. According to the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA), Management Accounting is "the process of identification, measurement, accumulation, analysis, preparation, interpretation and communication of information used by management to plan, evaluate and control within an entity and to assure appropriate use of and accountability for its resources. Management accounting also comprises the preparation of financial reports for non-management groups such as shareholders, creditors, regulatory agencies and tax authorities". For fulfilling the purpose of management accounting there are already many techniques and tools prevail in the market.

The first management accounting tools and techniques contribute to the attainment of organizational objective is standard costing. Standard costing is an accounting system designed to properly allocate costs of direct labor, indirect labor, materials, overhead, and selling / general / administrative accounts on a unit basis for the purpose of accurately costing products and the subsequent control of those costs in managing the production, marketing, purchasing, and administrative functions of the business. For example, at the beginning of a year a company estimates that labor costs should be $2 per unit. Such standards are established either by historical trend analysis of the cost or by an estimation by any engineer or management scientist.…...

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