A Knight

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Sophi
Words 2108
Pages 9
The Start of The Knights of Malta up to British control of Malta

The most important of all the military orders both for the extent of its area and for its duration; it is said to have existed before the Crusades and is not extinct at the present time. During this long career it has not always borne the same name. Known as Hospitallers of Jerusalem until 1309, the members were called Knights of Rhodes from 1309 till 1522, and have been called Knights of Malta since 1530. Knights of St. John on 23 March 1530, the islands passed under the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, a chivalrous religious order initiated in 1099 and officially founded in Jerusalem in 1113. According to the chronicles, merchants from the ancient Marine Republic of Amalfi obtained from the Caliph of Egypt the authorization to build a church, convent and hospital in Jerusalem, to care for pilgrims of any religious faith or race. The Knights built there first structures in Jerusalem where a temple dedicated to St. John the Baptist had been destroyed. Together with the Knights Templar, who were formed later in 1119, they became one of the most powerful Christian groups in the Middle East. The order came to distinguish itself in battles with the Muslims, its soldiers wearing a black surcoat with a white cross. By the middle of the 12th century, the order was clearly divided into military brothers and those who worked with the sick. It was still a religious order and had useful privileges granted by the Papacy, for example, the order was exempt from all authority except that of the Pope, and it paid no tithes and was allowed its own religious buildings. With the loss of Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Holy Land, to the Moslems in 1291,the Knights first settled in Cyprus and then in 1320, led by the Grand Master Fra' Foulques de Villaret, to the island of Rhodes. Rhodes acted as a…...

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