Premium Essay

21 Years Old Driving License and the Reason

In: Social Issues

Submitted By eyzaisam
Words 1861
Pages 8
Produced by the Centre for Genetics Education. Internet:
Produced by the Centre for Genetics Education. Internet:


Important points
Trisomy 13 (also known as Patau syndrome) is a chromosomal condition in which there are three copies instead of the usual two copies of all, or a part of chromosome 13 in the cells of the body
Trisomy 13 severely impacts on intellectual and physical development
Appears to affect females slightly more frequently than males
Occurs in about 1 in 5,000 to 1 in 12,000 live births
About 1% of all recognised miscarriages occur in association with trisomy 13
Of all babies born with the extra copy of chromosome 13 in all the cells of their body, around 50% die in the first month, and the rest within the first year
The chromosomal problem in trisomy 13 is due to an egg cell or, rarely, a sperm cell, that is formed containing one copy of each chromosome and an extra copy of chromosome 13, ie. 24 chromosomes rather than 23. When that egg combines with sperm containing the usual 23 chromosomes, the baby conceived has 47 chromosomes in the cell of their body rather than the usual 46
When there are three copies of chromosome number 13 in all of the baby’s cells, the condition is referred to as trisomy 13
When the extra copy of chromosome 13 is only in some of the baby’s cells due to a mistake in cell division occurring soon after conception, the chromosomes in the cells of the baby may show two different patterns: some cells with 46 chromosomes and some with 47: mosaic trisomy 13. The range and severity of symptoms depends on the number and distribution of cells containing the extra copy of chromosome 13
The chance of having a child with trisomy 13 increases with the mother’s age
If a woman has had a child with trisomy 13 there may be a small additional…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Raising the Legal Driving Age

...teenagers obtaining their driver’s license is the first initial step of becoming an adult. Many political and public figures question the ability to drive legally at age 16; in some states even younger. There are many reasons why many individuals question the legal driving age such as how will impact society? If the legal driving age in the United States is raised to 18 will there be a decrease of accidents? In the United States most states allow teenagers to have a learner’s permit and a driver’s license at age 16. Rising the legal driving age would cut down on car accidents and associated damages, cut down on teen deaths from traffic accidents and allow for teens to gain more experience before driving on their own. Let’s take a look at the reasons these changes should be made, as they are very eye opening and show some very disturbing statistics involving teen driving. Teenage driving has cost more than 81,000 people lives since the year 2000 as a result of motor vehicle accidents (SafeRoads, 2009). Teen drivers are not always attentive and responsible; many times the drivers can be easily distracted by friends, music, and cell phone. Although not all accidents can be prevented, if there is a possibility that rising the legal driving age to 18 can potentially decrease the number of individuals killed in motor vehicle accidents than it can only have a positive outcome. There are many individuals that have received their driver’s license at an older age and are very......

Words: 1636 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

21 Years Old Boy

...Yêu một người con trai 21 tuổi. Đó là lúc bạn phải biết rằng: - Gia đình Là thứ duy nhất mà anh ấy hiện tại sở hữu lâu dài nhất và chắn chắn nhất. Đừng cố chiếm chỗ gia đình mà ngoi lên vị trí số 1 trong tim anh ấy, vì điều đó sẽ chẳng bao giờ xảy ra được. Còn nếu có, đó là một người đàn ông không đáng tin cậy, vì nếu có một ngày bạn trở thành gia đình của anh ấy, rồi sẽ có một người khác dễ dàng chiếm mất cái vị trí số 1 mà bạn đang có lúc ấy. Đừng bắt anh ấy lựa chọn giữa bạn hay gia đình, vì một người đàn ông khôn ngoan, sẽ luôn lựa chọn ai mà anh ấy quen lâu hơn. Nếu bạn yêu anh ấy, hãy yêu lấy cả gia đình anh ấy - vì chính gia đình anh ấy đã nuôi lớn cái tâm hồn và nhân cách mà bạn đang yêu; sẽ có thật nhiều niềm vui, cũng sẽ có cả nỗi buồn, áp lực và những mệt mỏi mang tên gia đình, nhưng đừng bao giờ quên nhắc nhở anh ấy may mắn thế nào, rằng gia đình là điều tuyệt vời nhất mà anh ấy đang có. - Bạn bè Hãy tôn trọng sự lựa chọn về bạn bè của anh ấy. Nhưng hãy tự có những đánh giá về những người bạn xấu và những người bạn tốt. Hãy lắng nghe, bạn có quyền được nhận xét, góp ý nhưng đừng chỉ dạy, sai bảo hay cấm đoán. Hãy chỉ đảm bảo rằng anh ấy luôn có những người bạn có thể ở bên anh ấy, cùng anh ấy chia sẻ niềm vui nỗi buồn, để cuộc sống trở nên bớt lạnh lẽo và khô khan, chứ không phải để kéo anh ấy tụt lùi đi xuống. Bản thân bạn cũng có thể trở thành một người bạn đáng tin cậy của anh ấy. - Học hành và sự nghiệp Tuổi 21 là tuổi của những ước mơ và đam mê...

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Old People

...Michael Bagen SPE 101 Speech 12/14/10 Outline I. Attention getter: Going to Wedding, old man hits car i. Credibility: Real life situations with older drivers, Dad is an EMT and talks to me about calls all the time ii. Topics: The facts of old drivers, real-life stories, solutions iii. Thesis: I want a federal law to be passed that forces any driver the age of 65 and older to be retested every 3 years to not only save their lives, but others around them. II. Statistics: i. In next 20 years, the number of elderly drivers triple in amount according to Smart Motorist a. Older drivers more conservative when driving rarely changing there habits because of factors such as busy highways or nighttime where as other drivers may go another route b. More accidents than kids, mostly at intersections c. At the age of 65 there is a much greater risk for a driver to be engaged in a vehicle accident 1. At the age of 75 that risk increases from just a crash to an accident involving a fatality because of there higher risk of bad eyes or slower reaction time ii. Troubles with Age a. Bad at making turns b. Slower response rates and reaction times to a drastic change c. Studies show that most accidents involving the elderly are caused at intersections there also multi-vehicle......

Words: 1432 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drinking and Driving

...friends house. While you’re driving, you notice you are feeling a little drowsy. You see some headlights that look like they are heading towards you. Then all of the sudden you collide. After everything settles, you realize you are alright. You crawl out of the window and walk towards the other car. Looking through the spider-cracked windshield, you see a woman and her two kids, all dead. In 2005, there were an estimated 16,885 alcohol related fatalities in the U.S. That is over 39% of automobile related fatalities that year. On average, 254,000 people are injured in alcohol related wrecks in a year. After hearing these statistics, you can tell that drinking and driving is a huge issue in America. The dangers of drunk driving effect drivers of America every day. Not only do you have to be responsible enough to control yourself from drinking and driving, you also have to worry about other people that are drinking and driving. Even though you may not wreck while driving drunk, there are other risks involved. When driving while impaired by alcohol, it’s very easy for police officers to notice you. If you are even caught drinking underage, no matter where it is, you can be put on probation. If your caught drinking and driving underage, your running the risk of losing your license. I’m sure all of you agree with me when I say it wouldn’t be very cool to lose your license. In my opinion, losing the independence of driving is not worth drinking and driving. 39% of all......

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Physical and Psychological Needs of a 3 Year Old

...In order for a three year old child to be physically, emotionally and psychologically healthy childcare centres or parents/carers should fulfil their child’s physical needs together with psychological needs. We are going to point out and discuss on a three year old child’s physical and psychological needs and how they can affect the child’s physical, emotional and psychological health. A three year old child needs to be well fed, given ample of rest and should be encouraged doing physical exercise. They should also be given precautions of safety everywhere. For a child to be clean, childcare centres or parents/carers should reinforce personal hygiene in a child’s daily routine. A child needs to be emotionally and psychologically strong to fight their weaknesses. They need to be showered with lots of love, affection and respect. They also need to socialise with the environment that they are in. If these needs are fulfilled then the child would be emotionally and socially strong and healthy. What is a need? A need is defined as a requirement, something that you have to have, a thing necessary for life. There are basic needs which every living thing needs in order to live. Some examples of basic needs are shelter, fresh air to breath, food and water. Therefore a physical need is “something that is necessary for organisms to live a healthy and productive life” (What Is the Meaning of Physical Needs, undated). Children also have their own physical needs as an individual to......

Words: 2019 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Should Driving License Be Raised to 21 ?

...SHOULD DRIVING LICENSE BE RAISED TO 21 ? The legal age to obtain driving license is 17 years. Everybody endeavor to obtain driving license at this period life will be better to raise driving age because young drivers are the main cause of road deaths. In addition, if driving age is 21, number of deaths will decrease and roads become safer. Another reason, teens text and drive and put themselves and other people in danger. Teens are increasing car wrecks. They are also increasing their injuries. Teens don't know much of the consequences that come with driving. They party and drink, and when they drive drunk, that's another wreck and death waiting to happen. Teenagers can simply be distracted by lots of things while driving such as, loud music and talking in phones etc. Moreover they are not fully developed especially the frontal lobe part of their brain which is the part responsible for weighing risks and making judgments. If the driving age was raised thousands of innocent soles would be saved. In conclusion, Young driver’s especially male drivers are likely to overestimate their ability to drive at faster speed that’s leads to major accident to reduce this only strategy to raise the age of driving license. Teen drivers are every adult’s nightmare. The driving age at the moment is 17 it should be raised to 21 to overcome some of consequences and risk factors in teenagers. With lack of experience and maturity, both parents and fellow drivers are frightened to share......

Words: 625 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Should the Age of Obtaining a Driving License in Malaysia Be Increased to 21 Years Old?

...Should the age of obtaining a driving license in Malaysia be increased to 21 years old? Year by year the accident rate in Malaysia has been on a steady hike. Various factors are said to be the contributors for this hike. However, one prominent factor has been a topic for debate in recent years. It is claimed that newly licensed teenagers have helped to increase the number of serious accidents than any other group on the road. For this reason, I believe that the age of obtaining a driving license in Malaysia should be raised to 21 years old. Firstly, at the age of 21, humans leave their teenage years into early adulthood. During this period of life, humans gain more maturity physically and mentally. Mental maturity is an absolute requirement for all drivers. At a younger age, teenagers are fueled by a competitive lifestyle where everything seems to be race for them. This also happens on road where teenagers strive to overtake any drivers who drive faster than them. In turn, they endanger their own life and the life of others due to this immaturity. Secondly, once the minimum age is raised there will be lesser drivers on the road. If we only may get a driving license at the age of 21, then teenagers from the age of 17 to 20 years old will still not be driving. Consequently, there will be lesser drivers on the road which lead to a lower probability for accidents to occur. Besides, the more cars on the roads, the higher the probability of accidents to occur. This can be proven by...

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Absurd to Vote as a 16 Year Old

...Absurd to vote as a 16 years old teenager, or is it? ”It’s a bizarre way to reinvigorate democracy” It’s under consideration in Scotland to lower the voting age to 16 years. But I wonder if it's too early? It can be discussed to a great extent, whether it would be positive or negative - but it's definitely a move in the right direction, at least to the youngsters. That’s what Philip Cowley, University of Nottingham, says about the thoughts of lowering the voting age. I simply believe that lowering the voting-age would gain more political insight and thoughts – but what for? Is it perhaps a bit too early? Has a 16-17 year old gained enough political experience and insight? That’s hard to say in general terms, but I definitely think it would be an interesting point of view lowering the voting-age. 16-17 year-old are in the democratic sense, just as mature as a 90-year-old, and maturity has never been a criterion for granting the right to vote. When young people are 16-17 years old, they have, usually, completed the compulsory education that society offers them. They have been taught history, social studies, English and other subjects, which enables them to act as responsible citizens. The 16-17 year olds constitutes only a small percentage of the population, which would mean that their votes won’t have the biggest impact on the election results. In contrast, the youngsters would maybe feel more valued by the state - influence creates credibility and appreciation......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How to Get a Driving License in Karachi

...How to get a driving license in Karachi Trying to get any ordinary task done, in a place like Karachi, when you have to deal with the government, turns out not to be an ordinary experience at all. One example of that is what happened when I got my driver’s license. Firstly, I would discuss the honest and decent way in which my friend and I tried to get our license. We went to the license department on a Thursday afternoon. When we reached there, many agents tried to approach us told that they could get our licenses for us, as they had contacts with officers inside the department, who would get our licenses within no time. They also mentioned that it was almost impossible for us to get the licenses without hiring anyone for us, because the people inside the department are corrupt people and will never pass us in the theoretical exam and as well as the practical one. Since, we were there to follow the right way and had no of breaking the law; we decided to get hold of the licenses in a fair way. When we tried to get our driver’s license honestly, here were the steps we had to follow, in which we encountered different situations. Firstly, we entered the license department and went straight to the counter where we took our license forms in one building. After filling out forms, we had to go to the other building where we had to submit them. In that building, a huge crowd was present and a race for the submission of forms was happening. Those who had arranged an......

Words: 1016 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Class D & E Driver’s Guide LOUISIANA OFFICE OF MOTOR VEHICLES DPSMV2052 (R042013) Message from the Commissioner “Welcome to driving in Louisiana.” I am pleased to present the Louisiana Driver’s Guide to our new and current drivers. This guide is designed to provide you with the rules of the road, knowledge to assist you in making better driving decisions, and valuable information on safety and sharing the road with others. It is incumbent upon you, the driver, to respect all traffic laws and other drivers as well. Driving is a vital part of life. It provides you with a means of attaining the necessities of daily living as well as providing you with the added convenience to move about at leisure. The driving experience, however, is a privilege and comes with great responsibilities. Please strive to become a safe and dependable driver to ensure that this privilege is not lost. Driving, the same as life, is a constant learning experience. The information contained in this guide, along with your experience and responsive actions while driving, will assist in protecting you, your family, and other drivers. This guide is not intended to be an official legal reference to the Louisiana traffic laws. It only highlights those laws, driving practices and procedures that you will use most often. It should be noted that the material in this guide is subject to change to comply with amended State and Federal legislations. Remember to buckle up. Safety belts save lives. Let’s......

Words: 59152 - Pages: 237

Premium Essay


... however, designed to support extensive driving. Other safety features found on highways may include guard rails, street lights and electronic notification signs. These features, as well as vehicle safety technologies, are in place to protect drivers from the dangers inherent in driving. However, the number one cause of collisions is driver error. Traffic safety is the primary responsibility of all highway users. You can carry out this responsibility by practicing safe and courteous driving behavior. Texas has a highway system that is considered to be one of the most extensive systems in the United States. Annually, Texas drivers will log over 187 billion miles. In recent years, the state of Texas has seen the numbers of traffic fatalities increase. Two primary contributors to this increase are speeding and driving while intoxicated (DWI). Any driver in the United States can reduce fatalities and injuries by simple acts such as using safety belts. If we all contribute to responsible driving, we can drastically decrease highway fatalities. It begins with YOU. Make a personal commitment today to carefully pay attention to the content of this course and to study the Texas Driver Handbook. Do this to develop the skills and knowledge that you need to become a safe driver. Basic knowledge of traffic laws provides a driver with the foundation to formulate informed, legal, and responsible decisions to reduce risk. C - The Privilege of Driving | Vehicles were invented by the great...

Words: 3684 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Driving License

...Pre-Test Use your knowledge to see if you can find the best answer. Don't worry, these question WILL NOT BE GRADED and in no way impact your grade in this course. Just do the best you can. If you are required to show proof of financial responsibility for the future, for how many years must the proof be kept? 4 years 3 years 2 years 1 year What does this sign mean? Slow down for a low place in the road Slow down for a hill Dim your lights When entering a street from a private alley or driveway, you must: Stop, then yield to approaching vehicles and pedestrians Sound your horn for pedestrians Stop only when turning left Proceed at 5mph When you hear a siren coming, you should: Continue as you are Yield to the emergency vehicle Speed up and get out of the way Turn right at the next corner What does this sign mean? The bridge ahead has room for only 2 traffic lanes Stop and wait for oncoming cars to cross first Speed up to beat other cars across Uninsured drivers become subject to license and vehicle registration suspension when accident damages amount to: $25 to property of one person $100 to property of one person At least $1000 to property of one person $50 to property of one person What does this sign mean? Slow down for a dip in an intersection Slow down for a T intersection Slow down for a Y intersection What does this sign mean? Look out for a train Always stop Get ready to......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

You Are the Parent of a 16 Year Old Boy.

...You are the parent of a 16-year-old boy. You come home and find the door ajar. Inside, you discover your son’s friend looking in a kitchen drawer. He says he is trying to leave your son a note. On the counter next to him is a lock pick and some of your jewelry. The boy smells of marijuana. You tell the boy to leave immediately and he does. Do you call the police, call the boy’s parents, tell your son, or do something else? Write a 1,400- to 2,100-word paper, explaining your response. Format your paper consistent withAPA guidelines. I am the parent of a boy who is 16 years old. One day I came home to find that his friend was inside our home when no one was home. The door was ajar and I walked inside to find a friend of my son going through a drawer in our kitchen. He told me that he was simply trying to leave a note for my son, but on the counter beside him lays a lock pick and some of my jewelry. My son’s friend has the scent of marijuana all over him and when I tell him that it would be best if he leaves my home he does so without incident. This scenario requires very serious consideration. This is a child who is a friend of my son. In order to determine the best course of action many things need to be taken into consideration. The decision that I make could have drastic implications for this child’s life and could alter the course of his future forever. Should I call the police? Do I tell the child’s parents? Should I tell my son? What other options......

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

13-Year Old with Diabetes

...13-YEAR OLD WITH DIABETES AP2530 09-22-2015 ITT Technical Institute 13-YEAR OLD WITH DIABETES Hi my name is Renee, I am your doctor’s nurse. He wanted me to help you understand your new diagnosis type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is when the body cannot make insulin. Insulin is important because it helps your body move glucose (sugar) from the food you eat to your beta cells. Glucose is used as energy for your cells so they can work in your body properly. (Renfrew, 2014) Normally the endocrine system works to create insulin using a negative feedback system. The food that is consumed is broken down into sugar and raises your blood sugar level, the pancreas makes insulin, the insulin stimulates glycogen which is processed in the liver and brings the blood sugar levels back down. Your body is not creating insulin. There is nothing to process the sugar to bring energy into the cells and bring your blood sugar levels back down. This can cause feeling tired, increased thirst and urination, extreme hunger, weight loss, irritability, blurry vision, and yeast infections. (Blood Sugar Regulation, n.d.) There are a few different treatments that you will want to combine together to help your blood sugar levels and enable you to get energy. You will need to monitor your blood sugar levels frequently, eat healthy foods, count carbohydrates, exercise, and take your insulin. The idea behind this treatment is to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as possible so that we...

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Driving License

...10) Obliga a ceder el paso en la intersección 11) Se puede circular a más de 100 KM/H para adelantar? NO 12) Fin de velocidad MÍNIMA obligatorio 13) Puede efectuar un cambio de sentido al mismo nivel 14) Zona de frenado de emergencia 15) Prohibe el paso a autobuses de líneas y regulares y tranvías 16) Peligro por la proximidad de un paso a nivel provisto de barreras o sembraderas 17) Ante un semáforo circular amarillo fijo hay que detenerse a no ser que no pueda hacerse en condiciones de seguridad 18) Debe ceder el paso a todos los vehículos que se aproximen por la izqda o la dcha 19) Telepeaje o peaje dinámico 20) No se permite adelantar a no ser que sea a motocicletas de dos ruedas y no se invada el sentido contrario 21) No debo ceder el paso al vehículo blanco de la izquierda 22) Proximidad de una línea continua 23) La cuadrícula amarilla recuerda la prohibición de penetrar en la intersección si previsiblemente puedo quedar detenido delante de ella 24) Calzada totalmente cerrada al tráfico 25) El panel bajo la señal indica LA DISTANCIA AL COMIENZO del peligro o prescripción 26) Apartadero en un túnel 27) Tramo de visibilidad reducida por niebla, lluvia o nieve 29) Peligro por la proximidad de una zona de la calzada cuyo pavimento puede resultar especialmente deslizante a causa de hielo o nieve 30) Marca longitudinal AMARILLA DISCONTINUA prohibe estacionar ...

Words: 318 - Pages: 2