Premium Essay

19th Century Ideas

In: Historical Events

Submitted By momof12
Words 390
Pages 2
19th Century Ideas
Rebecca H Mullons
Brad Comstock

Abolitionism is defined as a movement the freeing of slaves in Western Europe and America. This was too end the African and Indian slave trade. In the 19th century owning a slave was a normal thing. It helped the white men by giving them laborers to work for them. Mostly all of these slaves were treated extremely poor and forced to work in harsh conditions. Slaves were forced to serve their owners and work in the field from sun up to sun down with little to no compensation meaning money or any other rewards. Slaves were often beat for doing something wrong and were made to be scared of their owners they were seen as property not people. There has definitely been progress made in the aspect of slavery and the horrible conditions from the 19th century. There are laws in place that make it illegal to try and own another free willed individual or to overwork or abuse them. Blacks and whites are not separated through public buildings or schools anymore. There is racial equality for most of America. Of course there are individuals that are still extremely racist but by words and not be ownership most often. I do believe that there is a modern equivalent to abolitionism. Freeing the slaves in the 19th century meant the African and Indian slaves but today there are more actions that resemble slavery. In today’s society there is more sexual trafficking than ever and these woman are owned by the men this is an equivalent to slavery. The woman are forced to do as the men say and are often thrown into actions that they do not want to do with little or no say so. Most people do not originally view this as slavery but with comparing the actions they are extremely similar. This also occurs in the workplace not as bad as the 19th century slavery but people are being overworked and forced to stay over…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

19th-Centuary Ideas

...Running head: 19TH-CENTURY IDEAS 19th-Centuary Ideas 19th-Century Ideas Of all the movements in the 19th Century the one that took the most effect was the Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening started the path towards the United States facing some of the most momentous and controversial issues that they would face in the next 200 years. These issues were racism, women's rights, and the rights of workers. This movement was created by the new middle class of that time. The movement advocated the idea of a more caring people, to have more consideration for human life, and it also promoted religion. In the Second Great Awakening the people believed that they could reach salvation by doing good works and working hard. The belief was that humans could choose to do good or evil and if they choose to do good then there would be no more sin. People had to put them self into action during this movement. It seems everyone was looking for a religion at the time. The Christian word became very popular with women and the African Americans, it gave the idea of salvation. This movement had a huge impact on the United States history. Two religions grew to be the two largest churches in the United States by reforming their traditions, which was the Methodist and the Baptist. It is a thought that this movement helped to bring about some economic stability and security, because the successful new middle class interest in religion came from the economics. In my mind......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

19th Century

...19th Century Life Criticized Hard Times is a novel written by Charles Dickens in the mid 1800’s. Hard Times criticizes the philosophy of Utilitarianism (Hard Times, 2013). “Dickens believed that Utilitarianism reduced social relations to cold self-interest.”(Hard Times, 2013) This reduced social relation can be seen throughout the novel. Dickens criticizes several aspects of 19th-century life. Dickens criticizes the treatment of children, the life of factory workers, the relationship between employer and employee, and the city they live in. Dickens shows how little respect there is for the children of the time. The children in the school are numbered. They are called by their number and not by their names. Mr. Gradgrind points out Sissy Jupe and calls her “Girl number twenty.” (Dickens, 1854, pg. 10) Gradgrind showed no respect for her name or who she said she was. He insisted that “Sissy” was not a name and that she should only refer to herself as “Cecilia” (Dickens, 1854). Sissy attempted to answer Gradgrind’s questions and he interrupted her every time. Gradgrind’s idea of teaching is to only feed children facts. Children are not allowed to imagine or fancy things. “You are never to fancy,” said a gentleman and Gradgrind confirmed his statement (Dickens, 1854, pg. 14). The only thing the children are to be taught and to repeat is fact. The children are not allowed to have a mind of their own. Dickens raises many contemporary issues in his......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Impact of the 19th Century Imperialism on China

...even till today. Their collective spirits are no longer shared, their traditions and customs are often attack under prejudices. Before the rise of 19th century imperialism, China was viewed by western people and most people of the world as the dreamland. People around the globe praised their society and values, then suddenly after they were beaten down by the western military might, they turned into ****. If you ever watched cartoons of earlier years of the 20th centuries, killing a Chinese would make for an amusing topic on cartoons of those days. On political level: The imperialism led to less openness in China and Communism. China used to be a country open to all kinds of thoughts and cultures. Ancient China was much more open than China of today. Gays were accepted, religions ran free, and women wrote poems to express their sexual desire, criminals were allowed to go free to meet with their family for the last time, and they do return willingly, without being supervised, to be killed to honor their commitment to their deaths. But after the imperialist invasions, Chinese suffered so much that they closed themselves up in terror. The centralization of a strong controlling government was inevitable because otherwise, the country would have fallen apart, not only losing Siberia and Mongolia. In the early days of the 20th century, Chinese dreamed of rebuilding the country with Capitalism, but the Imperialists sold China even it fought alongside against the Germans in......

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

19th Century Slavery

...The process by which slavery became the prominent feature of the United States was very gradual and complex. During 19th century, the availability of ample slave laborers was used as a comparative advantage to help prosper the United States economically. Slaves were dominantly used to grow commercial crops such as: sugar, rice, tobacco, and cotton to help expand the economy abroad. The services of slaves were highly enjoyed by both the southern and northern slaveholders, yet they were denied the status of admissible culture. Slaves were vital contributors of American economic success in the 19th century. Slaves were constantly oppressed and tortured by their masters that prevented them from climbing the ladder of success and social classes. In addition, the slaveholders often broke the ties between many slave families through violence, sexual harassment, and the selling of family members to different plantations. This essay will vividly describe the hardship of the slaves in the 19th century. During the 19th century, female slaves experienced both physical and mental hardships. According to the narrative of Frederick Douglass, female slaves were often the prays of slave masters. Many slave masters used female slaves as their mistress. They used them for their physical pleasure at their will. Such female slaves were victims of greater hardships and physical torture. Their mistress often hated them for providing sexual pleasure and having multiple mulatto babies with their......

Words: 1208 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Women Slaves in 19th Century

...Jacquelynn Bernhardt History 1 Social Group Research Paper Women Slaves in the Nineteenth Century Since I was a young child I could never quite understand the reasoning behind slavery. I do not understand how one human being could possibly believe he or she has the right to treat another human as little more than an animal - buying, selling, leasing, and physically punishing someone else. Although slavery in general interested me, I was even more interested to find out how enslaved women were treated in the nineteenth century, before the Civil War and also after they were finally granted their freedom. I often thought women would have been treated a little better than males. I believed they would have been given an easier workload to bear since they also had the task of raising their children. It was disturbing to discover they were treated much worse than males were. Because women could work as well as reproduce offspring, providing an additional generation of slaves, women were extremely valuable to slave owners. "Strong black women were sold as breeders valued for their reproductive as well as productive capacity" (Doherty). In the years just before the Civil War women were often sold for higher prices than males at slave auctions. "For one group of women, the assigned price depended upon their beauty and subsequent use to the master who could lease them to wealthy white men" (Doherty). Women were sold for as much as $1,800. Skilled men were sold...

Words: 2661 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Native Americans in the 19th and 20th Centuries

...Native Americans in the 19th and 20th Centuries Table of Contents I Introduction………………………………………………………….P. 4 II Treaties Involving the Native Americans…………………………...P. 4 III Military Actions Involving the Native Americans…………………P. 7 IV Policies Involving the Native Americans………………………….P. 10 V Conclusion………………………………………………………….P. 12 VI Bibliography……………………………………………………….P. 13 I Introduction The term Native American means just what it says. These people were the people that were Native to the land when the first European settlers arrived here. These first settlers were not interested in taking away what belonged to the natives. They were not concerned with trying to change them to become more “civilized”. The early settlers were more interested in learning from them and trading with them for their survival in this new and untamed land. This would not always be the case though. As time progressed hostilities exploded between the Native Americans and the settlers. There were many policies and treaties placed upon the Indians, and when they revolted against these things military actions were what made them accept the fate that they did not want to accept. II Treaties Involving Native Americans Treaties were put in place supposedly to protect the Native Americans. Unfortunately they were mainly used as a way for the white man to take over the Indian’s land and hunting grounds. A lot of the time these treaties were ignored all together by the government that......

Words: 1756 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

19th Century Ideas

...abolitionist movement was to put an end to segregation and give slaves equal rights as everyone else. This differed from the ideas of other anti- slavery advocates who felt that slaves should be emancipated gradually instead of all at once. In addition, there were other groups that felt that slaves should not be freed but that they should simply keep slavery from spreading any further West. Although this movement technically began in the 1700’s, it took many years before it would become a full force movement. There was much progress made by this movement. One of the things that this movement accomplished was that it motivated the Northern states to either end slavery al together or at least work towards gradual abolition. By 1787, Congress had banned slavery in the Northwest. Around that same time many of the slave owners in Virginia and Maryland also freed their slaves. In 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation was put into place. This declared the freedom of the slaves within the Confederacy. Finally, in 1865 the Thirteenth Amendment was added to the Constitution banning slavery across the entire country. There is a modern equivalent to the abolitionist movement. Today we are fighting what is known as modern- day slavery, also known a human trafficking. The big difference between slavery in the 19th century and modern- day slavery is that in the 19th century, a slave knew that it was such, but in today’s society, many of the victims suffer from what is known as Stockholm......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

American Industrialization and Reform in the 19th Century

...progress of industrialization, the increasing number of factories created more jobs, and intense need for labor, which draw more immigrants to the United States. Approximately more than 25 million immigrants entered the United States between 1970 and 1916. While immigrants were arriving in great numbers, anti-immigration organizations were on the rise. The idea of assimilation or the Americanization movement also proliferated. In 1882, the Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited all immigration of Chinese laborers. However, the other immigrants who did enter the United States moved to the nation’s cities to get work in the growing industrial economy (Foner 697). The industrialization indeed brought more wealth, power and technology in the United States, but at what cost? The workers were forced to live in filth, work long hours and the children had to spend their childhood earning money? The industrialization did change each aspect of the American society to the opposite as it had been. However, these modern-day advances wouldn’t exist without the contributions of the Industrialization and reforms of the 19th century. Work Cited Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty!: An American History. 4th ed. Vol. 2. New York: W.W. Norton, 2013. Print. TheUSAonline. "History of the United States Industrialization and Reform (1870-1916)." History of the United States, Industrialization and Reform. USA Center A.U.C, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2015.......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

19th Century America

...| Unit 3 Research Paper | | Mid nineteenth century America was marked by a period of social reforms. The northern economy began to turn toward industrialization and the southern economy still grew cotton as a major cash crop and the boundaries were expanding more westward. During this time people began to question some the ways their society had accepted. Many wanted to change their political views or change certain things due to their religion. Many people blamed alcohol for the way things were so they tried the temperance movement. Education became an important issue to the colonies. So they set up private schools, had high schools, provided more teachers for higher education. Abolition of slavery was a huge topic among these times. Many people, slave owners and non slave owner spoke against slavery. This was a huge and active time for the Underground Railroad. An underground route that helped free slave from captivity ran by an escaped slaved called Harriet Tubman. One of the most significant reforms was for women’s rights. I feel this had the biggest effect of the times. They fought for economic and social equality. This became very significant because now women had the right to help make choices which is had a huge effect for today. There were also many people that left and reformed to create utopian communities. One of these communities was Brook Farm. Brook Farm was based on the principles of transcendentalism. Organized and reformed by......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

19th Century Philosophers

... | |The most powerful philosophical mind of the 19th century was the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, whose system | |of absolute idealism, although influenced greatly by Kant and Schelling, was based on a new conception of logic and | |philosophical method. Hegel believed that absolute truth, or reality, exists and that the human mind can know it. This is so | |because “whatever is real is rational,” according to Hegel. He conceived the subject matter of philosophy to be reality as a | |whole, a reality that he referred to as Absolute Spirit, or cosmic reason. The world of human experience, whether subjective or | |objective, he viewed as the manifestation of Absolute Spirit. | |Philosophy’s task, according to Hegel, is to chart the development of Absolute Spirit from abstract, undifferentiated being into| |more and more concrete reality. Hegel believed this development occurs by a dialectical process—that is, a process through which| |conflicting ideas become resolved—which consists of a series of stages that occur in triads (sets of three). Each triad involves| |(1) an initial state (or thesis), which might be an idea or a movement; (2) its opposite state (or antithesis); and (3) a higher| |state, or synthesis, that combines elements from the two opposites into a......

Words: 2218 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

01.05 19th Century Foundations of Americans

...Prompt Two -- "Ain't I a Woman" (1851) by Sojourner Truth (historical document) In the 1900's, men were the ones who went out and worked and the women stayed home and cooked and cleaned. Also, in the 1900's, there were big issues about women's rights. Women didn't have access to a lot of things as men did during that time – some examples are working, voting, and even education. "The Declaration of Sentiments" is written by a white woman and "Ain't I a Woman" was written by a black woman so they may differ or they may not. American culture in the 19th century definitely had two distinct purposes for men and women. Men were meant to work and women were meant to stay home and take care of the house. In "The Declaration of Sentiments" she's writing about inequality and how the country is in only the men's favor. She says, "He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes and, in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardless of the happiness of women-the law, in all cases, going upon a false supposition of the supremacy of man and giving all power into his hands." She's saying that women aren't protected enough from men and that the law needs to be more equal. She also wants there to be more equality in women employment. In "Ain't I a Woman", she is also talking about sexism but the difference between these two documents is that Sojourner Truth is also talking about racism. She says that......

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

19th Century Philipines

...BEVERLY TIONGSON HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE 19th CENTURY: SPAIN AND THE PHILIPPINES 19th CENTURY SPAIN • Spain during the first three quarters of the 19th century was a country of instability and chaos. • Conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte, he made his brother Joseph as king. • Guerilla warfare against the French ensued • In 1812 a constitution was made by the Liberal Cortes • Ferdinand VII was restored to power by 1814, he returned to absolute government • Civil wars broke out between the Liberals and Carlists (supporters of Don Carlos) • Maria Cristina as regent of her infant daughter Isabella (successor to the throne under the terms of Pragmatic Sanction • 1868 a revolution against Isabella took place and she was forced to abdicate • Alfonso XII of Spain became king, which finally brought Spain into a period of stability and reform 19th Century Philippines Economic Development • Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade • Reforms made by Gov. Gen. Jose Basco y Vargas • Real Compania de Filipinas 1785 • Tobacco Monopoly • 1830 – growth of export economy from the British and American merchants • Philippines exported agricultural products resulting to the growth and profit of Filipino hacienderos and inquilinos of the friar haciendas • Economic Development as a whole is a non-Spanish initiative • Opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 Social Development The Native Population • PRINCIPALIA they are the rich landowners; local gov’t officials • ILLUSTRADO educated......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

19th Century Russian Literature

...Every culture has their own values and beliefs. They have different views on religion, political systems, and even style. In 19th Century Russia two things that were important were serfdom and social status. The significance of these things can be demonstrated through pieces of literature from 19th Century Russia. Serfdom was extremely popular in 19th century Russia. Serfs and peasants were 82% of Russia’s society, since farming was major during this time. Peasants were not educated, nor did they have the opportunity. They could not make any decisions for themselves. Since the peasants were not allowed to have their own property, they lived with their master and mistress. In 1861, serfdom was finally banned by Alexander II, but they had to go back to their master and mistress and work for money. (Snider) Foolishness in 19th Century Russian literature is well demonstrated through “Sleepy”. In “Sleepy”, Varka is a 13 year old serf that lacks sleep due to her master and mistress working her too hard. Her master and mistress forced her to stay up all night with the baby while it bawled. The baby just kept crying through all of Varka’s efforts to get it to sleep. Eventually, Varka fell asleep, but was awaken by her master smacking her in the back of the head, calling her a scabby slut. She started rocking the baby back to sleep, but fell back asleep. As soon as her mistress saw her she yelled at her, and asked for the baby so she could feed it. Varka realized that the baby......

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

American Imperialism in the 19th Century

...American Imperialism in the 19th Century In the late nineteenth century, the American Imperialism movement began. Imperialism is the "acquisition of control over the government and the economy of another nation, usually by conquest." (Davidson, Delay, Heyrman, Lytle & Stoff, 2008, p. G-4) During the late 1800's, Americans had visions of empire. Their sights were aimed toward Canada, Mexico and Cuba, as well as "more distant lands in Asia and Latin opening the doors of trade to foreign markets and resources." (Davidson et al., 2008, p. 611) Through imperialism, a country can gain power by amassing new territories and building wealth. The American Imperialism was adopted for many reasons. According to the Regents Prep website (2000): The public perception of the "closing of the west", along with the philosophy of Social Darwinism, contributed to a desire for continued expansion of American lands and the spreading of American culture. The result was a shift in US foreign policy at the end of the 19th century from a reserved, homeland concerned republic to an active imperial power. (para. 1) The Spanish-American War started the era of American Imperialism. Cuba was trying to gain independence from Spain. Newspapers made up stories of Spanish brutality in Cuba causing Americans to call for war. 260 Americans were killed when the USS Maine, stationed in the harbor of Havana, exploded. The newspapers immediately blamed the Spanish increasing the call......

Words: 745 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Examine How Ideas About Race Were Elaborated in the Second Half of 19th Century and the Early 20th Century.

...1998, p.34). The system of natural classification that developed in the Eighteenth Century is also seen as an important contribution (Hannaford, 1996, p.188). However, almost all studies agree that a distinctive development of racial thinking began to take place in the Nineteenth Century (Hirschfield, 1998, p.35). The Nineteenth Century saw the search for the historical and biological origins of race (Hannaford, 1996, p.235). It went beyond the simply classification of race and towards a more significant delineation of race into one that embodies characteristics, personalities and even mental abilities. Several key developments were relevant to this progression. These will be examined as follows: first the importance of the development of biological categories and the influence of power will be examined. Secondly, the development of scientific dialogue of Darwinism and Eugenics will be discussed. Thirdly, an examination will be made of the influence of nationalism and imperialism. Finally, the notion to which the discourse became self-serving will be considered in that as the connection between cultural features and racial stereotypes became ingrained, there was recourse to the scientific argument to justify the features of power. The urge to divide the human race into broad categories similar to the animal kingdom seems to be a starting point for many of the theorists in the Nineteenth Century (James, 1981, p.19). Kant’s On the Different Human Races is characteristic of......

Words: 2989 - Pages: 12